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Clearance of allergic inflammatory cells from the lung through matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) is necessary to prevent lethal asphyxiation, but mechanistic insight into this essential homeostatic process is lacking. In this study, we have used a proteomics approach to determine how MMPs promote egression of lung inflammatory cells through the airway. MMP2-(More)
Sustained progression on the expanded disability status scale (EDSS) is a common outcome measure of disease progression in clinical studies of MS. Unfortunately, this outcome may not accurately measure long-term and irreversible disease progression. To assess the performance of definitions of sustained progression, patients with relapsing-remitting MS(More)
A synthetic chimeric gene, coding for the human epidermal growth factor fused to the signal peptide of Escherichia coli alkaline phosphatase, was cloned into E. coli under the transcriptional control of the trp-lac (tac) promoter. Following induction with isopropylthiogalactoside, the secretion of the correctly processed protein product into the bacterial(More)
DNA sequence copy number has been shown to be associated with cancer development and progression. Array-based Comparative Genomic Hybridiza-tion (aCGH) is a recent development that seeks to identify the copy number ratio at large numbers of markers across the genome. Due to experimental and biological variations across chromosomes and across hybridizations,(More)
The introduction of methotrexate (MTX)-based chemotherapy has improved median survival for patients with primary CNS lymphoma (PCNSL). Older age is a negative prognostic marker in patients with PCNSL and may increase the likelihood of MTX toxicity. We studied the response and adverse effects of intravenous high-dose MTX in patients who were 70 or more years(More)
BACKGROUND Meningiomas may occur either as familial tumors in two distinct disorders, familial multiple meningioma and neurofibromatosis 2 (NF2), or sporadically, as either single or multiple tumors in individuals with no family history. Meningiomas in NF2 and approximately 60% of sporadic meningiomas involve inactivation of the NF2 locus, encoding the(More)
Site-directed mutagenesis was employed to examine the function of two highly conserved residues, Tyr-37 and Arg-41, of human EGF (hEGF) in receptor binding. Both a conservative change to phenylalanine and a semi-conservative change to histidine at position 37 yield proteins with receptor affinity similar to wild-type hEGF. A non-conservative change to(More)
Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs), important for endothelial regeneration and vasculogenesis, are reduced by cigarette smoking. To elucidate the mechanisms, we examined the effects of electronegative LDL, circulating in chronic smokers, on EPC differentiation. Using ion-exchange chromatography, we purified smoker LDL into five subfractions, L1-L5. In(More)
Array-based comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) is a powerful, high-throughput tool for whole genome analysis. Until recently, aCGH could only be reproducibly performed on frozen tissue samples and with significant tissue amounts. For brain tumors however, paraffin-embedded tissue blocks from small stereotactic biopsies may be the only tissue routinely(More)
Deoxycytidine kinase (dCK) is a rate limiting enzyme critical for phosphorylation of endogenous deoxynucleosides for DNA synthesis and exogenous nucleoside analogues for anticancer and antiviral drug actions. dCK is activated in response to DNA damage; however, how it functions in the DNA damage response is largely unknown. Here, we report that dCK is(More)