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Clearance of allergic inflammatory cells from the lung through matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) is necessary to prevent lethal asphyxiation, but mechanistic insight into this essential homeostatic process is lacking. In this study, we have used a proteomics approach to determine how MMPs promote egression of lung inflammatory cells through the airway. MMP2-(More)
In a previous study, six recombination sites have been confirmed in the chloroplast DNA (cpDNA) of pt14, a somatic hybrid of Nicotiana tabacum and Nicotiana plumbaginifolia. In the present study, physical mapping revealed six recombination sites in the 11.4-kb SalI fragment alone, only one of which has been previously identified. This fragment is located in(More)
Sustained progression on the expanded disability status scale (EDSS) is a common outcome measure of disease progression in clinical studies of MS. Unfortunately, this outcome may not accurately measure long-term and irreversible disease progression. To assess the performance of definitions of sustained progression, patients with relapsing-remitting MS(More)
DNA sequence copy number has been shown to be associated with cancer development and progression. Array-based Comparative Genomic Hybridiza-tion (aCGH) is a recent development that seeks to identify the copy number ratio at large numbers of markers across the genome. Due to experimental and biological variations across chromosomes and across hybridizations,(More)
Array-based comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) is a powerful, high-throughput tool for whole genome analysis. Until recently, aCGH could only be reproducibly performed on frozen tissue samples and with significant tissue amounts. For brain tumors however, paraffin-embedded tissue blocks from small stereotactic biopsies may be the only tissue routinely(More)
Atypical meningiomas exhibit heterogeneous clinical outcomes. It is unclear which atypical meningiomas require aggressive multimodality treatment with surgery and radiation therapy versus surgery alone to prevent recurrence. Detailed molecular-genetic characterization of these neoplasms is necessary to understand their pathogenesis and identify clinically(More)
The introduction of methotrexate (MTX)-based chemotherapy has improved median survival for patients with primary CNS lymphoma (PCNSL). Older age is a negative prognostic marker in patients with PCNSL and may increase the likelihood of MTX toxicity. We studied the response and adverse effects of intravenous high-dose MTX in patients who were 70 or more years(More)
Meningiomas may occur either as familial tumors in two distinct disorders, familial multiple meningioma and neurofibromatosis 2 (NF2), or sporadically, as either single or multiple tumors in individuals with no family history. Meningiomas in NF2 and approximately 60% of sporadic meningiomas involve inactivation of the NF2 locus, encoding the tumor(More)
Inflammation is a key process in cardiovascular diseases. The extracellular matrix (ECM) of the vasculature is a major target of inflammatory cytokines, and TNFalpha regulates ECM metabolism by affecting collagen production. In this study, we have examined the pathways mediating TNFalpha-induced suppression of prolyl-4 hydroxylase alpha1 (P4Halpha1), the(More)
BACKGROUND Recurrent abdominal pain is a common and costly health-care problem attributed, in part, to visceral hypersensitivity. Increasing evidence suggests that gut bacteria contribute to abdominal pain perception by modulating the microbiome-gut-brain axis. However, specific microbial signals remain poorly defined. γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is a(More)