David A Dannenbaum

Learn More
OBJECTIVE To determine in Canadian children aged <18 years the 1) incidence of type 2 diabetes, medication-induced diabetes, and monogenic diabetes; 2) clinical features of type 2 diabetes; and 3) coexisting morbidity associated with type 2 diabetes at diagnosis. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS This Canadian prospective national surveillance study involved a(More)
Inuit and Cree populations are known for high obesity rates despite markedly different rates of type 2 diabetes (T2DM). To document this apparent discrepancy we evaluated the impact of body size parameters and fasting insulin (FI) on several T2DM risk factors among Inuit and Cree populations (Québec, Canada). A total of 1,104 adults (≥18 years) Inuit and(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the prevalence of risk factors in children aged <18 years diagnosed with medication-induced diabetes mellitus versus those diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. STUDY DESIGN This retrospective observational study used data from a Canadian prospective surveillance study in which clinical features of new cases of type 2 diabetes (n = 225) and(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the effect of pregravid weight and pregnancy weight gain on pregnancy outcomes in Cree women. METHODS We reviewed maternal and infant outcomes of the first pregnancy in Cree women living in James Bay, Quebec, from 1994 to 2000. We examined data from women who had a full-term singleton birth and a maternal pregravid body mass index(More)
Epidemiological studies report inverse associations between blood vitamin D, as measured by 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations, and insulin resistance (IR) among predominantly overweight individuals. In a cross-sectional survey of 5 Cree communities in Quebec, Canada, we determined if 25(OH)D is associated with IR and β-cell function in a largely(More)
OBJECTIVE We evaluated the prevalence of type 2 diabetes, obesity and metabolic syndrome according to International Diabetes Federation criteria in the First Nations Cree community of Mistissini, Quebec. METHODS A cross-sectional study of 172 adults was performed as part of a broader regional environmental study. RESULTS Type 2 diabetes,(More)
OBJECTIVES Childhood type 2 diabetes (T2D) is increasing and may present differently across various populations. This study compares clinical features of T2D at diagnosis in Aboriginal children with Caucasian children and children from other high-risk ethnic groups. PATIENTS AND METHODS This retrospective observational study used data from a Canadian(More)
PROBLEM BEING ADDRESSED Diabetes is rapidly evolving as a major health concern in the Cree population of eastern James Bay (Eeyou Istchee). The Cree Board of Health and Social Services of James Bay (CBHSSJB) diabetes registry was the initial phase in the development of a comprehensive program for diabetes in this region. OBJECTIVE OF PROGRAM The CBHSSJB(More)
Many Cree women in northern Quebec experience excessive weight gain during pregnancy and retain the weight between pregnancies. This contributes to poor maternal-fetal outcomes and increased rates of obesity-related health problems. The purpose of this qualitative descriptive study was to explore (a) Cree women's perceptions of weight gain in pregnancy and(More)
RESULTS — From a population of 7.3 million children, 345 cases of non–type 1 diabetes were reported. The observed minimum incidence rates of type 2, medication-induced, and monogenic diabetes were 1.54, 0.4, and 0.2 cases per 100,000 children aged 18 years per year, respectively. On average, children with type 2 diabetes were aged 13.7 years and 8% (19 of(More)