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alpha-Helical coiled coils are remarkable for the diversity of related conformations that they adopt in both fibrous and globular proteins, and for the range of functions that they exhibit. The coiled coils are based on a heptad (7-residue), hendecad (11-residue) or a related quasi-repeat of apolar residues in the sequences of the alpha-helical regions(More)
The conformation adopted by intermediate filament chains (IF) has been described in terms of a central rod domain with four, alpha-helical, left-handed coiled-coil segments (1A, 1B, 2A, and 2B) joined by linkers (L1, L12, and L2, respectively). The rod domain is terminated at its N- and C-terminal ends by "globular" head and tail domains, respectively. This(More)
Members of the spectrin superfamily of proteins contain different numbers of homologous repeats arranged in tandem. Each of these consists of a three-alpha-helix motif, comprising two similarly and one oppositely directed alpha-helical segment joined by nonhelical linkers of characteristic length. The right-handed alpha-helices each display a heptad repeat(More)
A comprehensive analysis of the sequences of all types of intermediate filament chains has been undertaken with a particular emphasis on those of segment 1A and linker L1. This has been done to assess whether structural characteristics can be recognized in the sequences that would be consistent with the role of each region in the recently proposed "swinging(More)
The amino acid sequences of increasingly large proteins have been determined in recent years, and it has become more and more apparent that within these sequences nature has employed only a finite number of structural?functional motifs. These may be strung along the sequence in tandem and, in some cases, several hundred times. In other instances, the(More)
  • C Cohen, B Reinhardt, D A Parry, G E Roelants, W Hirsch, B Kanwé
  • 1984
We have used electron microscopy to examine purified intact variable surface glycoproteins (VSGs) from clones derived from two distinct stocks of Trypanosoma brucei. The VSG molecule from MITat 1.2 has a large elongated domain consistent with the shape of the dimeric N-terminal domain determined by X-ray analysis (see preceding paper), and a heretofore(More)
Connective tissues are composite structures containing collagen, elastin, glycosaminoglycans, minerals, water and other minor components. In all cases the collagen exists predominantly in fibrillar form. The size distribution of the fibrils does, however, vary markedly with both age and the mechanical requirements of the tissue. Little is known about the(More)
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