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The identification of cardiac progenitor cells in mammals raises the possibility that the human heart contains a population of stem cells capable of generating cardiomyocytes and coronary vessels. The characterization of human cardiac stem cells (hCSCs) would have important clinical implications for the management of the failing heart. We have established(More)
BACKGROUND Two opposite views of cardiac growth are currently held; one views the heart as a static organ characterized by a large number of cardiomyocytes that are present at birth and live as long as the organism, and the other views the heart a highly plastic organ in which the myocyte compartment is restored several times during the course of life. (More)
BACKGROUND Cardiac stem cells (CSCs) delivered to the infarcted heart generate a large number of small fetal-neonatal cardiomyocytes that fail to acquire the differentiated phenotype. However, the interaction of CSCs with postmitotic myocytes results in the formation of cells with adult characteristics. METHODS AND RESULTS On the basis of results of in(More)
1 De Dept pt p s s of f A Ane est st sthe h sia and Medicine, and Divisi sion on on of Cardiovascular ar Me M M dicine, Brigham and Wo Wo Wom me men' n' 's s s H H Hosp sp pit it ita al, Harvard Medical School; 2 2 2 Ca Ca C r rdiovascular I In ns n titu tute te te, , Beth Israel Deaconess Me Me Medical Ce Ce ent nt nter er er, Ha Ha arv rv rvar ar ard d d(More)
RATIONALE Age and coronary artery disease may negatively affect the function of human cardiac stem cells (hCSCs) and their potential therapeutic efficacy for autologous cell transplantation in the failing heart. OBJECTIVE Insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1, IGF-2, and angiotensin II (Ang II), as well as their receptors, IGF-1R, IGF-2R, and AT1R, were(More)
BACKGROUND Implementing infection control measures in light of healthcare-associated infection (HAI) surveillance data can prevent HAIs. Surveillance has been associated with a reduction of HAI in intensive care unit (ICU) patients, though the reasons for this improvement remain unclear. AIM To evaluate changes in healthcare-associated infection (HAI)(More)
Increased hepatic iron load in extrahepatic organs of cirrhotic patients with and without hereditary hemochromatosis portends a poorer long term prognosis after liver transplant. Hepatic as well as nonhepatic iron overload is associated with increased infectious and postoperative complications, including cardiac dysfunction. In this case report, we describe(More)
Objective: Myomectomy is the cornerstone of therapy for hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) in the presence of a high gradient. The importance of mechanical gradient across the left ventricle outflow track (LVOT) vs left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (LVDD) is debatable. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed data on 14 patients with HOCM who(More)
OBJECTIVE The management of postoperative hyperglycemia is controversial and generally does not take into account pre-existing diabetes. We analyzed clinical and economic outcomes associated with postoperative hyperglycemia in cardiac surgery patients, stratifying by diabetes status. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Multicenter cohort study in 4,316 cardiac(More)