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Urinary steroid profile analysis requires enzymatic hydrolysis of glucuronide and sulfate conjugates and this is achieved simultaneously using Helix pomatia juice (HPJ), but steroids with 3beta-hydroxy-5-ene structure undergo transformation and yield of 5alpha-reduced corticosteroid glucuronides is poor. We describe the use of sodium ascorbate to solve(More)
Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, 'ecstasy'), widely used as a recreational drug, can produce hyponatraemia. The possibility that this could result from stimulation of vasopressin by MDMA or one of its metabolites has been investigated in vitro. Release of both oxytocin and vasopressin from isolated hypothalami obtained from male Wistar rats was(More)
Steroid metabolites in urine from neonates with 21-hydroxylase deficiency are predominantly polyhydroxylated 17-hydroxyprogesterone and androgen metabolites, and most have incompletely defined structure. This study forms part of a comprehensive project to characterize and identify these in order to enhance diagnosis and to further elucidate neonatal types(More)
tGolgin-1 (golgin-245, trans golgi p230) and golgin-97 are members of a family of peripheral membrane proteins of unknown function that localize to the trans Golgi network (TGN) through a conserved C-terminal GRIP domain. We have probed for GRIP protein function by assessing the consequences of overexpressing isolated GRIP domains. By semi-quantitative(More)
urrently, there is no recommended confirmatory proce-ure for detecting doping with the anabolic steroid 5a-ihydrotestosterone (DHT) in sportsmen. To develop a ethod, we determined ratios of hormone concentra-ns in urine from 120 healthy men and used these to set iscrimination limits. These limits were then applied to suIts for urine specimens from 10(More)
BACKGROUND Immunoassay is unsatisfactory for measuring the testosterone concentrations typically found in women. Bench-top tandem mass spectrometers are a viable alternative technology for measurements in the clinical laboratory. METHODS We used stable-isotope dilution liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (ID/LC-MS/MS) to measure testosterone in(More)
The free beta-subunit of human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCGbeta) is well recognised as a product of many epithelial tumours. Recently, it has been shown that this ectopic production may have a functional relationship to tumour growth. The growth-promoting activity of hCGbeta may be explained by its structural similarity to a family of growth factors which(More)
In vitro biosynthesis using pooled human liver microsomes was applied to help identify in vivo metabolites of ketamine by liquid chromatography (LC)-tandem mass spectrometry. Microsomal synthesis produced dehydronorketamine, seven structural isomers of hydroxynorketamine, and at least five structural isomers of hydroxyketamine. To aid identification, stable(More)
Determination of the ratio of testosterone to epitestosterone (T/E) in urine is used to detect testosterone administration in athletes, with a ratio > 6 considered as evidence of an offense. We show that administration of ketoconazole, which inhibits testosterone biosynthesis, may be useful for differentiating between an athlete who is using testosterone(More)