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BACKGROUND Little is known concerning the enantioselective disposition of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA; ecstasy) in humans. In addition, the potential of utilizing the stereochemical composition of an analyte in biological media for forensic purposes requires investigation. METHODS The enantiomers of MDMA and its demethylated metabolite,(More)
T he Antarctic Treaty System, acknowledged as a successful model of cooperative regulation of one of the globe’s largest commons ( 1), is under substantial pressure. Concerns have been raised about increased stress on Antarctic systems from global environmental change and growing interest in the region’s resources ( 2, 3). Although policy-makers may(More)
UNLABELLED Chronic wounds are a major healthcare problem costing the United States billions of dollars a year. The American Academy of Dermatology has underscored the significance of wound care in dermatological practice. It is critical for all dermatologists to understand the elements of diagnosis and therapy. We emphasize major aspects of diagnosis and(More)
Incubation of 2-methyl-1,2-bis(3-pyridyl)-1-propanone (metyrapone) with rat hepatic 140,000 g supernatant fraction and an NADPH-regenerating system leads to the formation of 2-methyl-1,2-bis(3-pyridyl)-1-propanol (metyrapol), and one other metabolite identified as 2-methyl-1-[3-(6-oxopyridyl)]-2-(3-pyridyl)-1-propanone by a combination of various(More)
The Archaea, designated since 1979 as a separate Super-Kingdom (the highest taxonomic order), are a highly novel group of microorganisms which look much like bacteria but have many molecular and genetic characteristics that are more typical of eukaryotes. These unusual organisms can be conveniently divided according to their 'extreme' environmental niche,(More)
The aim of this investigation was to examine the effect of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) administration on arginine vasopressin (AVP) release. (R,S)-MDMA (40 mg) was administered to eight normally hydrated healthy male volunteers (22-32 years) and blood samples were collected up to 24 h. Plasma was assayed for AVP and cortisol by(More)
3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) has been reported to cause hyponatraemia, which appears to result from inappropriate secretion of the antidiuretic hormone arginine vasopressin (AVP). After administration of a low dose of (R,S)-MDMA (40 mg) to eight healthy drug-free male volunteers, concentrations of AVP in plasma increased significantly at 1, 2,(More)
BACKGROUND Immunoassay is unsatisfactory for measuring the testosterone concentrations typically found in women. Bench-top tandem mass spectrometers are a viable alternative technology for measurements in the clinical laboratory. METHODS We used stable-isotope dilution liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (ID/LC-MS/MS) to measure testosterone in(More)
The current drastic escalation in obesity may be contributing to the exponential rise in drugs used for image enhancement. Drugs such as anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) are perceived as a viable method of achieving a perfect physique. They are also the most widely abused drugs in sport. The Internet has encouraged the abuse of expensive drugs,(More)