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UNLABELLED Validity and reliability relate to the interpretation of scores from psychometric instruments (eg, symptom scales, questionnaires, education tests, and observer ratings) used in clinical practice, research, education, and administration. Emerging paradigms replace prior distinctions of face, content, and criterion validity with the unitary(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate a mastery learning, simulation-based curriculum for laparoscopic, totally extraperitoneal (TEP) inguinal hernia repair. BACKGROUND Clinically relevant benefits from improvements in operative performance, time, and errors after simulation-based training are not clearly established. METHODS After performing a baseline TEP in the OR,(More)
CONTEXT Methodological shortcomings in medical education research are often attributed to insufficient funding, yet an association between funding and study quality has not been established. OBJECTIVES To develop and evaluate an instrument for measuring the quality of education research studies and to assess the relationship between funding and study(More)
OBJECTIVES To summarize current available data on simulation-based training in resuscitation for health care professionals. DATA SOURCES MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, ERIC, Web of Science, Scopus and reference lists of published reviews. STUDY SELECTION Published studies of any language or date that enrolled health professions' learners to(More)
UNLABELLED The mini-CEX is widely used to rate directly observed resident-patient encounters. Although several studies have explored the reliability of mini-CEX scores, the dimensionality of mini-CEX scores is incompletely understood. OBJECTIVE explore the dimensionality of mini-CEX scores through factor analysis and generalizability analysis. DESIGN(More)
CONTEXT The increasing use of Internet-based learning in health professions education may be informed by a timely, comprehensive synthesis of evidence of effectiveness. OBJECTIVES To summarize the effect of Internet-based instruction for health professions learners compared with no intervention and with non-Internet interventions. DATA SOURCES(More)
OBJECTIVE Summarize the outcomes and best practices of simulation training for laparoscopic surgery. BACKGROUND Simulation-based training for laparoscopic surgery has become a mainstay of surgical training. Much new evidence has accrued since previous reviews were published. METHODS We systematically searched the literature through May 2011 for studies(More)
CONTEXT Authors have questioned the degree to which medical education research informs practice and advances the science of medical education. OBJECTIVE This study aims to propose a framework for classifying the purposes of education research and to quantify the frequencies of purposes among medical education experiments. METHODS We looked at articles(More)
In simulation-based health professions education, the concept of simulator fidelity is usually understood as the degree to which a simulator looks, feels, and acts like a human patient. Although this can be a useful guide in designing simulators, this definition emphasizes technological advances and physical resemblance over principles of educational(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether internal medicine residents prefer learning from Web-based (WB) modules or printed material, and to compare the effect of these teaching formats on knowledge. METHOD The authors conducted a randomized, controlled, crossover study in the internal medicine resident continuity clinics of the Mayo School of Graduate Medical(More)