David A. Christopher

Learn More
Papaya, a fruit crop cultivated in tropical and subtropical regions, is known for its nutritional benefits and medicinal applications. Here we report a 3x draft genome sequence of 'SunUp' papaya, the first commercial virus-resistant transgenic fruit tree to be sequenced. The papaya genome is three times the size of the Arabidopsis genome, but contains fewer(More)
Protein disulfide isomerase (PDI) oxidizes, reduces, and isomerizes disulfide bonds, modulates redox responses, and chaperones proteins. The Arabidopsis thaliana genome contains 12 PDI genes, but little is known about their subcellular locations and functions. We demonstrate that PDI5 is expressed in endothelial cells about to undergo programmed cell death(More)
We studied the effects of spectral quality and fluence on the expression of several chloroplast-encoded photosynthesis genes and on the stability of their protein products in barley (Hordeum vulgare). During light-dependent chloroplast maturation, mRNA levels for psbD-psbC and psbA were maintained at higher levels compared with mRNAs encoding proteins for(More)
The synthesis of reaction center protein D2 and mRNAs which encode this protein are differentially maintained at high levels in mature barley chloroplasts. To understand the differential maintenance of psbD mRNA abundance, we have studied the transcription and the RNAs produced from the psbD-psbC operon in plastids of light and dark-grown barley seedlings.(More)
Proteins entering the secretory pathway of eukaryotic cells are folded into their native structures in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Disruption of protein folding causes ER stress and activates signaling cascades, designated the unfolded protein response (UPR), that restore folding capacity. In mammals and yeast, the protein disulfide isomerases (PDIs)(More)
The chloroplast psbD-psbC genes encode D2 and cp43, a reaction center protein and chlorophyll-binding antenna protein of photosystem II, respectively. We have previously shown that differential accumulation of light-induced psbD-psbC mRNAs in barley chloroplasts is due to transcription from a blue light-responsive promoter (LRP). It is hypothesized that the(More)
The 5' untranslated region (5'UTR) of the psbA mRNA (psbA encodes the PSII reaction center protein, D1) is a key site for RNA-protein interactions in the post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression. In this study, we mapped the major psbA mRNA 5'-terminus at -77 nt, and two minor termini clusters centered at -48 and -64 nt, upstream from the psbA(More)
The chloroplast gene psbD encodes D2, a chlorophyll-binding protein located in the photosystem II reaction center. Transcription of psbD in higher plants involves at least three promoters, one of which is regulated by blue light. The psbD blue-light-regulated promoter (BLRP) consists of a -10 promoter element and an activating complex, AGF, that binds(More)
We characterized the effects of light on psbD transcription and mRNA levels during chloroplast development in Arabidopsis thaliana. After 6 to 12 hours of illumination of dark-grown seedlings, two psbD mRNAs were detected and their 5' ends were mapped to positions -550 and -190 bp upstream from the psbD translational start codon. Their kinetics of(More)
Cyclic nucleotide-gated channels (CNGCs) in the plasma membrane transport K+ and other cations; however, their roles in the response and adaptation of plants to environmental salinity are unclear. Growth, cation contents, salt tolerance and K+ fluxes were assessed in wild-type and two AtCNGC10 antisense lines (A2 and A3) of Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh.(More)