Learn More
Oxidation of LDL in the subendothelial space has been proposed to play a key role in atherosclerosis. Endothelial cells produce superoxide anions (O2.-) and oxidize LDL in vitro; however, the role of O2.- in endothelial cell-induced LDL oxidation is unclear. Incubation of human LDL (200 microg/mL) with bovine aortic endothelial cells (BAECs) for 18 hours(More)
The beta-very low density lipoproteins (beta-VLDL) that accumulate in type III hyperlipoproteinemic subjects can be divided into two fractions (fraction I and fraction II), which differ in size, lipid composition, and the type of apolipoprotein B (apo-B) present in the particles. The apo-B48-containing particles (fraction I) are of intestinal origin, while(More)
Hepatic lipase (HL) and lipoprotein lipase (LpL) are structurally related lipolytic enzymes that have distinct functions in lipoprotein catabolism. In addition to its lipolytic activity, LpL binds to very low density lipoproteins and promotes their interaction with the low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein (LRP) (Chappell, D. A., Fry, G. L.,(More)
We examined the vascular structure and endothelium-dependent relaxation in two genetic models of hypercholesterolemia: apolipoprotein E (apoE)-knockout mice and combined apoE/LDL receptor-double-knockout mice. Intimal area was increased markedly in proximal segments of thoracic aortas from apoE/LDL receptor-knockout mice [0.13 +/- 0.03 (mean +/- SE) mm2](More)
The 39-kDa receptor-associated protein (RAP) is cosynthesized and co-purifies with the low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein (LRP)/alpha 2-macroglobulin receptor and is thought to modulate ligand binding to LRP. In addition to binding LRP, RAP binds two other members of the low density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor family, gp330 and very low density(More)
Glycoprotein 330 (gp330), a cell-surface protein that is localized in clathrin-coated pits, is structurally related to both the low density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) and the LDLR-related protein/alpha 2-macroglobulin receptor (LRP). We recently demonstrated that gp330 and LRP may be functionally related as well; both bind the 39-kDa polypeptide referred(More)