David A Althaus

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BACKGROUND The global burden and large diagnostic and therapeutic deficits associated with depressive disorders call for intervention programs. The aim of the Nuremberg Alliance against Depression (NAD) is to establish and to assess the effectiveness of a four-level intervention program for improving the care of patients with depression. METHOD A 2-year(More)
In 2000 and 2001, telephone surveys in the German cities Nuremberg and Wurzburg were carried out to gain insights into beliefs and attitudes of the public towards depression and its treatment and to evaluate the activities of the "Nuremberg Alliance Against Depression", a joint effort of health professionals, aiming at the improvement of the situation of(More)
During an intense four-level community-based intervention program conducted in Nuremberg (490,000 inhabitants) in 2001 and 2002 [Nuremberg Alliance Against Depression (NAD)], the number of suicidal acts (main outcome completed + attempted suicides) had dropped significantly (−21.7%), a significant effect compared with the baseline year and the control(More)
A public campaign was launched in 2000 as part of the four-level community-based intervention 'Nuremberg Alliance Against Depression' (NAD) in Nuremberg, Germany. Evaluation results will be presented. A baseline survey was done before the campaign in Nuremberg and Wuerzburg (control region), two surveys followed 10 and 22 months after the implementation.(More)
Some studies suggest seasonality of suicide attempts in females, but not in males. The reasons for this gender difference remain unclear. Only few studies addressed the question whether gender differences in seasonality of suicide attempts reflect gender differences in the choice of method for suicide attempts, with inconsistent results. So, this study(More)
BACKGROUND In most countries worldwide suicide rates are higher for males whereas attempted suicide rates are higher for females. The aim is to investigate if the choice of more lethal methods by males explains gender differences in suicide rates. METHODS Data on completed and attempted suicides were collected (n=3235, Nuremberg and Wuerzburg, years(More)
BACKGROUND As one of its suicide preventive actions, the "Nuremberg Alliance Against Depression" has started cooperation with local media in 2001 by implementing a 14-item-mediaguide concerning a more sensible way of suicide-reporting to prevent copy-cat suicides. The effects of this mediaguide on the reporting are being evaluated. METHODS A systematic(More)
One million people commit suicide world-wide every year. The need for suicide prevention is obvious, and very different approaches have been investigated to reduce the number of suicides. Some interventions aim at identified high-risk groups (e.g. support for people after suicide attempt), some at the population as a whole (e.g. restricting the access to(More)
Within the German research network on depression, the Nuremberg Alliance against Depression aims at informing the public about depressive illness and preventing suicidality by carrying out a city-wide information campaign. Before the prevention program started, public attitudes and knowledge had been assessed in a public opinion survey in Nuremberg and in a(More)