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The tumor suppressor p53 is a member of the emerging class of proteins that have both folded and intrinsically disordered domains, which are a challenge to structural biology. Its N-terminal domain (NTD) is linked to a folded core domain, which has a disordered link to the folded tetramerization domain, which is followed by a disordered C-terminal domain.(More)
3-Phosphoinositide-dependent kinase 1 (PDK1) plays a central role in regulating the activity of protein kinases that are essential for signaling; however, how PDK1 itself is regulated is largely unknown. We found that homodimerization of PDK1 is a spatially and temporally regulated mechanism for controlling PDK1 activity. We used Förster resonance energy(More)
A new approach to time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy based on stimulated emission depletion (STED) of two-photon excited states is presented. Combined with time-resolved detection, STED can circumvent orientational averaging constraints and spontaneous emission selection rules inherent in all conventional techniques. Applications of STED to the study(More)
Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) is a member of the serpin (serine protease inhibitor) superfamily. Like most serpins, the inhibitory function of PAI-1 relies on a flexible reactive centre loop (RCL) undertaking a striking conformational transition. We have investigated the conformational dynamics of the RCL of PAI-1 by time-resolved fluorescence(More)
The measurement of donor lifetime modification by Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) is a widely used tool for detecting protein-protein interactions and protein conformation change. Such measurements can be compromised by the presence of a significant noninteracting fraction of molecules. Combining time-resolved intensity and anisotropy measurements(More)
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