Dave W Schroeder

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With the increased clinical interest in metal-on-metal and ceramic-on-ceramic total-hip replacements (THRs), the objective of this hip simulator study was to identify the relative wear ranking of three bearing systems, namely CoCr-polyethylene (M-PE), CoCr-CoCr (M-M) and ceramic-on-ceramic (C-C). Volumetric wear rates were used as the method of comparison.(More)
Traumatic events are a primary cause for local lesions of articular cartilage. If treated early, restoration of the initial joint geometry and integrity may be achieved. In large defects, sufficient material is not available to bridge the affected area. Heterologeous transplantation is not well accepted due to the risk of infection and immune response.(More)
En route air traffic controllers serving as instructors at the Federal Aviation Administration Academy were tested to determine what they remembered about the aircraft in their sector. The study focused on memory for flight data (aircraft altitude and ground speed) and aircraft position on the radar. Aircraft importance, but not frequency of interaction,(More)
The clinical outcome of 453 patients with histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma surveyed from 1980 to 1992 was evaluated. Special consideration was given to the prognostic significance of local recurrence and distant metastases as the significant contributors to postoperative morbidity and mortality. Of 453 patients, 371 were treated by a curative(More)
Solid-state deformation processing is a promising technique for modifying the physical and mechanical properties of highly crosslinked ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) beyond simple thermal treatment cycles that have been employed previously. This study evaluates anisotropy and oxidative resistance in a novel, radiation crosslinked (50 kGy)(More)
The objective of this study was to examine both simulator and retrieved total knee replacement polyethylene inserts to confirm, using scanning electron microscopy, whether similar micro-wear patterns to those seen on retrieved inserts were reproduced on simulator specimens. The simulator specimens consisted of samples subjected to sliding and rolling(More)
Since crosslinking and oxidation of ultrahigh-molecular-weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) have important roles in determining the wear resistance of UHMWPE total joint components, the time and depth dependence of crosslinking and oxidation of new shelf-aged (2-11 years), ready-to-implant acetabular liners were studied by using solvent extraction and Fourier(More)
Wear and delamination of conventional ultrahigh-molecular-weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) components used in total knee arthroplasty can compromise long-term performance. Radiation cross-linking and melt-annealing reduced wear and increased delamination resistance of UHMWPE. An alternative material is the alpha-tocopherol-stabilized irradiated UHMWPE(More)
The objective of this follow-up study was to evaluate the success rate of different therapy procedures in spontaneous pneumothorax. In order to achieve comparable conditions the study was restricted to those patients who were treated because of a first episode (n = 96) in the time between January 1978 and December 1987. Seventy-one were males and 25(More)
The success rate of thoracoscopic resection of parenchymal blebs in spontaneous pneumothorax was evaluated after 54 thoracoscopies (cases) in 52 patients. Switch to open thoracotomy was necessitated by interpleural adhesions or large bullae in five cases, while 49 were treated thoracoscopically. The median duration of the operation was 75 (25-240) min, and(More)