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The cardiopulmonary effects resulting from the combination of xylazine and ketamine hydrochloride were evaluated in the adult horse. Xylazine (1.1 mg mg/kg) administered intravenously prior to or simultaneously with ketamine hydrochloride (2.2 mg/kg; intravenous) provided excellent analgesia and light anesthesia in all horses. Cardiac output, arterial blood(More)
We report an outbreak comprising 50 confirmed cases of Legionnaires' disease in Edinburgh, Scotland, June 2012. In addition, there were 49 suspected cases. Epidemiological evidence suggests that a common outdoor airborne exposure occurred over south-west Edinburgh. This probably emanated from cooling towers in the north-east of the affected area, although(More)
BACKGROUND There are few national figures on the incidence of failed tracheal intubation during general anaesthesia in obstetrics. Recent small studies have quoted a rate of one in 250 general anaesthetics (GAs). The aim of this UK national study was to estimate this rate and identify factors that may be predictors. METHODS Using the UK Obstetric(More)
Strains gauges were applied to the superficial flexor tendon, deep flexor tendon, and suspensory ligament of sound adult horses. Maximum tendon strain occurred during full weight bearing while walking, when the forelimb was perpendicular to the group surface. There was decrease in tendon strain with increase in hoof angle for the deep digital flexor, but no(More)
Confluent and reticulated papillomatosis (CRP) is a rare skin disorder. To date its aetiology remains uncertain. The possibility of an infectious aetiology has been supported by case reports of therapeutic response to antibiotic therapy. We have isolated and identified a previously unknown Dietzia strain, an Actinomycete, from skin scrapings of a(More)
BACKGROUND Recurrent thromboembolic events after an initial deep vein thrombosis (DVT) are relatively frequent. Residual thrombus in the affected veins on ultrasound scan at the completion of anticoagulant therapy has been described as a recurrence risk factor, and may have utility in stratifying those patients at risk. OBJECTIVES The aims of the study(More)
Although the association between celiac disease and progressive myoclonic ataxia is well recognized, in each of the reported cases the neurologic features began in middle adult life and usually in patients who had clinical or laboratory evidence of malabsorption. We report a case of progressive myoclonic ataxia and epilepsy (Ramsay Hunt syndrome) that began(More)
Intravenous administration of furosemide in the horse resulted in an immediate and significant decrease in right atrial pressure, pulmonary arterial pressure, pulmonary arterial wedge pressure, cardiac output, and stroke volume (P less than 0.05). There was a significant increase in total systemic vascular resistance and heart rate (P less than 0.05). There(More)
In a double-blind study under simulated racing conditions, six Standardbred horses, which had been trained for 12 weeks, were given 1 mg of furosemide/kg of body weight or saline solution IV 15 minutes before the first of two warm-up workouts (1.6 km at 60-minute intervals). Sixty minutes later, 135 minutes after drug or placebo injection, these horses were(More)