Learn More
The insulin-responsive glucose transporter GLUT4 is targeted to a post-endocytic compartment in adipocytes, from where it moves to the cell surface in response to insulin. Previous studies have identified two cytosolic targeting motifs that regulate the intracellular sequestration of this protein: FQQI(5-8) in the N-terminus and LL(489,490) (one-letter(More)
Insulin stimulation of adipose and muscle cells results in the translocation of GLUT4 from an intracellular location to the plasma membrane; this translocation is defective in insulin resistance. Studies have suggested an important role for synaptobrevin and syntaxin homologues in this event, particularly the v-soluble N-ethylmaleimide attachment protein(More)
The brain-type glucose transporter (GLUT3) is a high-affinity transporter for D-glucose and D-galactose and is a member of a family of mammalian sugar transporters, each of which are proposed to adopt a secondary structure containing 12 transmembrane helices. In an effort to understand structure-function relationships within such transporters, we have(More)
The targeting of the insulin-responsive glucose transporter, GLUT-4, to an intracellular compartment in adipocytes and muscle is one of the key features responsible for the unique insulin sensitivity of this transporter. Through expression of epitope-tagged GLUT-4 mutants in 3T3-L1 adipocytes, two motifs have been identified as playing a central role in(More)
The carboxy terminus of GLUT-4 contains a functional internalization motif (Leu-489Leu-490) that helps maintain its intracellular distribution in basal adipocytes. This motif is flanked by the major phosphorylation site in this protein (Ser-488), which may play a role in regulating GLUT-4 trafficking in adipocytes. In the present study, the targeting of(More)
The automatic detection and quantification of skeletal structures has a variety of applications for biological research. This paper proposes an automatic solution for rib segmentation and counting based on structural properties of ribs in mouse X-ray images. The solution consists of five stages, including alignment, cropping the region of interest, image(More)
The insulin-responsive glucose transporter, Glut4, exhibits a unique subcellular distribution such that in the absence of insulin >95% of the protein is stored within intracellular membranes. In response to insulin, Glut4 exhibits a large mobilisation to the plasma membrane. Studies of the amino acid motifs which regulate the unique trafficking of Glut4(More)
The available data suggest that GLUT4 does populate the recycling endosomal system to some extent, but that a large proportion of the intracellular GLUT4 resides in a compartment that is devoid of transferrin receptors and may have properties more akin to specialized secretory vesicles. The study of the nature and biogenesis of this compartment will provide(More)
  • 1