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As the amount of Linked Open Data on the web increases, so does the amount of data with an inherent spatial context. Without spatial reasoning, however, the value of this spatial context is limited. Over the past decade there have been several vocabularies and query languages that attempt to exploit this knowledge and enable spatial reasoning. These(More)
This short paper summarizes a survey of ontologies relevant to geospatial intelligence. 45 geospatial and temporal ontologies, in 11 categories, were assessed against 3 use cases: annotation, qualitative reasoning, and information integration. Specific recommendations and more general conclusions are provided. The paper presents an illustration of a feature(More)
Trajectory data have been used in a variety of studies, including human behavior analysis, transportation management, and wildlife tracking. While each study area introduces a different perspective, they share the need to integrate positioning data with domain-specific information. Semantic annotations are necessary to improve discovery, reuse, and(More)
As an increasing number of applications on the web contain some elements of spatial data, there is a need to efficiently integrate Semantic Web technologies and spatial data processing. This paper describes a prototype system for storing spatial data and Semantic Web data together in a SPatially-AUgmented Knowledgebase (SPAUK) without sacrificing query(More)
Surface water is a primary concept of human experience but concepts are captured in cultures and languages in many different ways. Still, many commonalities exist due to the physical basis of many of the properties and categories. An abstract ontology of surface water features based only on those physical properties of landscape features has the best(More)