Dave Ellemberg

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We used random-dot kinematograms to compare the effects of early monocular versus early binocular deprivation on the development of the perception of the direction of global motion. Patients had been visually deprived by a cataract in one or both eyes from birth or later after a history of normal visual experience. The discrimination of direction of global(More)
We compared sensitivity to first- versus second-order motion in 5-year-olds and adults tested with stimuli moving at slower (1.5 degrees s(-1)) and faster (6 degrees s(-1)) velocities. Amplitude modulation thresholds were measured for the discrimination of the direction of motion (up vs. down) for luminance-modulated (first-order) and contrast-modulated(More)
A horizontal array of vertically oriented Gabor elements was used to examine lateral masking in the near periphery (1.9 degrees-5.7 degrees eccentricity). Thresholds were assessed for detecting changes in the contrast, the spatial frequency, and the orientation of the central element within the array. The presence of surround elements induced marked(More)
We studied differences in the development of sensitivity to first-versus second-order global motion by comparing the motion coherence thresholds of 5-year-olds and adults tested at three speeds (1.5, 6, and 9 degrees s(-1)). We used Random Gabor Kinematograms (RGKs) formed with luminance-modulated (first-order) or contrast-modulated (second-order)(More)
We compared visual evoked potentials and psychophysical reaction times to the onset of first- and second-order motion. The stimuli consisted of luminance-modulated (first-order) and contrast-modulated (second-order) 1 cpd vertical sine-wave gratings drifting rightward for 140 ms at a velocity of 6 degrees /s. For each condition, we analysed the latencies(More)
To compare the effects of early monocular versus early binocular deprivation on the perception of global form, we assessed sensitivity to global concentric structure in Glass patterns with varying ratios of paired signal dots to noise dots. Children who had been deprived by dense congenital cataracts in one (n=10) or both (n=8) eyes performed significantly(More)
The present study investigated the contrast dependency of visual evoked potentials (VEPs) elicited by phase reversing sine wave gratings of varying spatial frequency. Sixty-five trials were recorded for each of 54 conditions: 6 spatial frequencies (0.8, 1.7, 2.8, 4.0, 8.0 and 16.0 c deg(-1)) each presented at 9 contrast levels (2, 4, 8, 11, 16, 23, 32, 64(More)
Despite negative neuroimaging findings in concussed athletes, studies indicate that the acceleration and deceleration of the brain after concussive impacts result in metabolic and electrophysiological alterations that may be attributable to changes in white matter resulting from biomechanical strain. In the present study we investigated the effects of(More)
Using the method of limits, we measured the development of spatial and temporal vision beginning at 4 years of age. Participants were adults, and children aged 4, 5, 6, and 7 years (n = 24 per age). Spatial vision was assessed with vertical sine-wave gratings, and temporal vision was assessed with an unpatterned luminance field sinusoidally modulated over(More)
We compared thresholds for discriminating changes in speed by 5-year-olds and adults for two reference speeds: 1.5 and 6 degrees s(-1). Both adults and 5-year-olds were more sensitive to changes from the faster than from the slower reference speed. Five-year-olds were less sensitive than adults at both reference speeds but significantly more immature at the(More)