Dave D. Chadee

Learn More
Between January 2002 and December 2004, a population-based study on the effects of climate and mosquito indices on the incidences of dengue fever (DF) and dengue haemorrhagic fever (DHF) was conducted in Trinidad, West Indies. The incidence of DF was 5.05 cases/1000 population in 2002, largely as the result of a major outbreak, but declined to 0.49(More)
This report documents the results of a country-wide pupal survey of Aedes aegypti (L.) conducted in Trinidad. The survey was designed to identify the important Ae. aegypti-producing containers, importance being a function of a container's abundance and its productivity. Results are summarized on a country-wide basis and by county: urban versus rural(More)
The enormous burden placed on populations worldwide by mosquito-borne diseases, most notably malaria and dengue, is currently being tackled by the use of insecticides sprayed in residences or applied to bednets, and in the case of dengue vectors through reduction of larval breeding sites or larviciding with insecticides thereof. However, these methods are(More)
Recent development of DNA markers provides powerful tools for population genetic analyses. Amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) markers result from a polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based DNA fingerprinting technique that can detect multiple restriction fragments in a single polyacrylamide gel, and thus are potentially useful for population genetic(More)
The mosquito Aedes aegypti (L.) (Diptera: Culicidae) is the primary global vector for dengue virus (DENV), yet considerable genetic variation exists among populations in terms of its competence to vector DENV. Variability in adult body size has also been observed among various mosquito populations and several studies have reported a relationship between(More)
The blood-feeding kinetics of Anopheles albitarsis, An. aquasalis, An. bellator and An. homunculus were determined under laboratory conditions using females collected from two sites in Trinidad. Many An. aquasalis, An. albitarsis and An. bellator completed probing within 30 s but An. homunculus averaged > 50 s. Anopheles albitarsis (68.3 s), An. aquasalis(More)
Microsatellites have proved to be very useful as genetic markers, as they seem to be ubiquitous and randomly distributed throughout most eukaryote genomes. However, our laboratories and others have determined that this paradigm does not necessarily apply to the yellow fever mosquito Aedes aegypti. We report the isolation and identification of microsatellite(More)
The seasonal prevalence and vertical distribution of oviposition of Aedes aegypti were studied for 53 wk in 1999--2000 using modified ovitraps located at several elevations. The ovitraps were positioned both indoors and outdoors in high-rise apartments in the urban township of John John, Port of Spain, Trinidad, West Indies. Of 988 ovitraps, 490 were(More)
The seasonal occurrence and diel landing periodicity of Sabethes chloropterus (Humboldt) was studied weekly for 1 yr using the human bait catch in the Pt. Gourde Forest, Trinidad, W.I. Population abundance remained low throughout the dry season (16%) but increased after the onset of the rains in May and peaked by the middle of the rainy season(More)
Bioassays and biochemical assays were conducted on eight Trinidadian strains of Aedes aegypti larvae to determine the involvement of biochemical mechanisms in resistance to insecticides. Larval strains were assayed to dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT), bendiocarb, temephos and permethrin, using the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)(More)