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Integrated Services in the Internet Architecture: an Overview Status of this Memo This memo provides information for the Internet community. This memo does not specify an Internet standard of any kind. Distribution of this memo is unlimited. Abstract This memo discusses a proposed extension to the Internet architecture and protocols to provide integrated(More)
A better understanding of the reasons for variation in tropical rain forest (TRF) structure is important for quantifying global above-ground biomass (AGBM). We used three data sets to estimate stem number, basal area, and AGBM over a 600-ha oldgrowth TRF landscape (La Selva, N.E. Costa Rica). We analyzed the effects of soil type, slope angle, topographic(More)
Tree species richness is remarkably high in many tropical forests, even at very fine spatial scales. However, the study of fine-scale richness is complicated by the rarefaction effect: that is, a trivial correlation between the number of individuals and the number of species. We developed null models to test whether fine-scale species richness differs from(More)
The American Red Cross has developed an immunoaffinity chromatography method to purify human coagulation Factor IX to high levels of purity for therapeutic treatment of hemophilia B. The resin currently used in this process is Sepharose CL2B, a cross-linked 2% agarose, which is activated with cyanogen bromide to immobilize an anti-Factor IX monoclonal(More)
Over the past several years, we have seen the emergence of numerous types of so-called "overlay" networks in the Internet. There are many diverse examples of such overlay networks including the content-delivery-caching networks, implemented by companies like Akamai, the peer-to-peer file sharing networks associated with applications such as BitTorrent, the(More)
An immunoaffinity process based on monoclonal antibody (MAb) to factor IX (FIX) has been developed. Initially, vitamin-K-dependent proteins from cryoprecipitate-poor plasma are isolated on DEAE-Sephadex. The eluate is applied to an immunoaffinity column that utilizes a divalent metal-ion-dependent MAb directed against FIX. After washing the column with high(More)
A simple physical model of immunoaffinity chromatography (IAC) demonstrates that immobilized monoclonal antibody (MAb) capacity in IAC purification will be a function of many parameters, including feed flow-rate and antigen concentration, and MAb density (mg MAb immobilized/ml resin). We studied IAC of factor IX, and examined the effect of parameter(More)
The American Red Cross has developed an immunoaffinity chromatography method to purify human coagulation factor IX (FIX) to homogeneity using monoclonal antibodies (MAb) that bind FIX in the presence of divalent cations. The MAb is immobilized on Sepharose CL2B, a soft gel with a low pressure tolerance as well as poor large-scale performance(More)
High speed wired communication are large bandwidth utilized network but shared by multiple sender that is crucial challenge for congestion control for that types of network. This paper identifies that dynamic queue and multipath based routing strategies for wired networks are more suitable for congestion control and memory management as compared to existing(More)
Integrated Services in the Internet Architecture: an Overview Status of this Memo This memo provides information for the Internet community. This memo does not specify an Internet standard of any kind. Distribution of this memo is unlimited. Abstract This memo discusses a proposed extension to the Internet architecture and protocols to provide integrated(More)