Daurea Abadia De-Souza

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OBJECTIVE This article provides a critical review of the evidence indicating that an increase in intestinal permeability is associated with the installation of bacteremia, sepsis, and the multiple organ failure syndrome and that glutamine in pharmacologic doses reduces the acute increase of intestinal permeability and the infection frequency in critically(More)
This retrospective analysis of burn patients in a University Hospital in the state of São Paulo, Brazil, was carried out to characterize this population and to identify the factors that affect the mortality rate. All patients hospitalized from January 1990 to April 1995 (n = 229, 3.6 patients/month) and who terminated treatment were included. Of these,(More)
INTRODUCTION Since malnutrition is common in patients with hepatic cirrhosis (HC) is necessary to investigate the interference of the pathophysiological changes of liver in the methods of diagnosis of the nutritional status. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the frequency of malnutrition among patients with HC outpatients, using different assessment methods of the(More)
Burn patients develop pathophysiological alterations, which include extensive nitrogen loss, malnutrition, markedly increased metabolic rate and immunologic deficiency. This predisposes burn patients to frequent infections, poor wound healing, increased length of hospitalization and increased mortality. The nutritional support requires high protein and high(More)
Shift work and long hours of work are common in medical training and have been associated with a higher propensity for developing nutritional problems and obesity. Changes in leptin and ghrelin concentrations - two hormones that contribute importantly to the central regulation of food intake - are poorly described in this population. The aim of this study(More)
The present review evaluates the role of sleep and its alteration in triggering problems of glucose metabolism and the possible involvement of adipokines in this process. A reduction in the amount of time spent sleeping has become an endemic condition in modern society, and a search of the current literature has found important associations between sleep(More)
This retrospective analysis of burn patients and victims of other forms of trauma from Ribeirão Preto and nearby cities admitted to hospitals in the city of Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, Brazil, was carried out to determine the frequency of injuries of all types in order to identify the extent of the problem of burns relative to other forms of trauma. Data(More)
Shiftwork is common in medical training and is necessary for 24-h hospital coverage. Shiftwork poses difficulties not only because of the loss of actual sleep hours but also because it can affect other factors related to lifestyle, such as food intake, physical activity level, and, therefore, metabolic patterns. However, few studies have investigated the(More)
INTRODUCTION Undernutrition directly affects critically ill patient's clinical outcome and mortality rates. OBJECTIVE Interdisciplinar algorithm creation aiming to optimize the enteral nutrition therapy for critically ill adult patients. DATA SOURCE Pubmed, SciELO, Scholar Google, Web of Science, Scopus, with research of these key words: protocols,(More)