Dauenpen Meesapyodsuk

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Claviceps purpurea, a fungal pathogen responsible for ergot diseases in many agriculturally important cereal crops, produces high levels of ricinoleic acid (12-hydroxyoctadec-cis-9-enoic acid) in its sclerotia. It has been believed for many years that the biosynthesis of this fatty acid in C. purpurea involves a hydration process with linoleic acid as the(More)
The alteration of the degree of unsaturated fatty acids in membrane lipids has been shown to be a key mechanism in the tolerance to temperature stress of living organisms. The step that most influences the physiology of membranes has been proposed to be the amount of di-unsaturated fatty acids in membrane lipids. In this study, we found that the(More)
Very long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids such as arachidonic acid (ARA, 20:4n-6), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, 20:5n-3), docosapentaenoic acid (DPA, 22:5n-3) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6n-3) are essential components of cell membranes, and are precursors for a group of hormone-like bioactive compounds (eicosanoids and docosanoids) involved in(More)
To characterize the fatty acid desaturase produced by the fat-1 gene from the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans, the functional expression of this enzyme was effected in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The GC-MS analysis of desaturated products derived from various fatty acids, including deuterium-labeled thia fatty acids supplied to growing cultures of(More)
Saponaria vaccaria (Caryophyllaceae), a soapwort, known in western Canada as cowcockle, contains bioactive oleanane-type saponins similar to those found in soapbark tree (Quillaja saponaria; Rosaceae). To improve our understanding of the biosynthesis of these saponins, a combined polymerase chain reaction and expressed sequence tag approach was taken to(More)
Claviceps purpurea, the fungal pathogen that causes the cereal disease ergot, produces glycerides that contain high levels of ricinoleic acid [(R)-12-hydroxyoctadec-cis-9-enoic acid] in its sclerotia. Recently, a fatty acid hydroxylase (C. purpurea FAH [CpFAH]) involved in the biosynthesis of ricinoleic acid was identified from this fungus (D. Meesapyodsuk(More)
Two cDNAs with sequence similarity to fatty acid desaturase genes were isolated from the phytopathogenic fungus, Claviceps purpurea. The predicted amino acid sequences of the corresponding genes, named CpDes12 and CpDesX, share 87% identity. Phylogenetic analysis indicates that CpDes12 and CpDesX arose by gene duplication of an ancestral(More)
In order to define the substrate requirements, regiochemistry and cryptoregiochemistry of the omega-3 fatty acid desaturases involved in polyunsaturated fatty acid formation, the genes Fad3 and fat-1 from Brassica napus and the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans respectively were expressed in baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae). Various fatty acids,(More)
In contrast to soluble acyl-ACP desaturases from plants, little is known about the structure-guiding principle underlying substrate specificity and regioselectivity of membrane-bound acyl-CoA desaturases from animals, mainly due to lack of the three-dimensional structure information. Here we report identification of two homologous membrane-bound acyl-CoA Δ9(More)
While oat (Avena sativa) has long been known to produce epoxy fatty acids in seeds, synthesized by a peroxygenase pathway, the gene encoding the peroxygenase remains to be determined. Here we report identification of a peroxygenase cDNA AsPXG1 from developing seeds of oat. AsPXG1 is a small protein with 249 amino acids in length and contains conserved(More)