Dashnie Naidoo

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Toddaliopsins A-D, four novel 1,2,3-trioxygenated acridone alkaloids, have been isolated from the leaves of Toddaliopsis bremekampii. Toddaliopsins B-D are the first reported acridone alkaloids with substituted N-methyl groups, in the light of which the chemotaxonomic relationship of Toddaliopsis and Vepris is discussed. Toddaliopsin C possesses moderate(More)
A library of 206 extracts from selected South African plants was screened in vitro against a panel of protozoan parasites, Plasmodium falciparum, Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense, and Leishmania donovani. A CH2Cl2/MeOH (1 : 1) extract of Abrus precatorius L. ssp. africanus strongly inhibited P. falciparum (98 %), T. b. rhodesiense (100 %), and L. donovani (76(More)
Human African trypanosomiasis is a neglected tropical disease in sub Saharan Africa that is fatal if left untreated. In a search for new natural products with antitrypanosomal activity, we recently identified abruquinones B and I from Abrus precatorius as potent in vitro trypanocidal compounds with high selectivity indices. To obtain sufficient compound for(More)
Two new anti-HIV xanthones, 6,7,11-trihydroxy-10-methoxy-9-(7-methoxy-3-methyl-1-oxoisochroman-5-yl)-2-methyl-12-oxo-12H-benzo[b]xanthene-4-carboxylic acid (1) and 6,7-dihydroxy-10,11-dimethoxy-9-(7-methoxy-3-methyl-1-oxoisochroman-5-yl)-2-methyl-12-oxo-12H-benzo[b]xanthene-4-carboxylic acid (2), and a new hexadecahydrochrysen-3-ol (3) were isolated from(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD), a progressive neurodegenerative disorder, is characterized by the accumulation of neurotoxic β-amyloid (Aβ) peptides, which consequently affects cognitive decline and memory impairment. Current research on AD treatment is actively focusing on the prevention of neurotoxic Aβ peptide accumulation. Monsonia angustifolia is reported to(More)
An investigation of the leaves of the Madagascan Simaroubaceae Samadera madagascariensis has yielded three C18 quassinoids, 5beta,6-dihydrosamaderine A, 2-chlorosamaderine A, and samaderolactone A, and a C19 quassinoid, 3,4beta-dihydrosamaderine C, together with the known quassinoids samaderine A, samaderine B, and cedronin. The compounds isolated displayed(More)
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