Daryl L Davies

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The depletion of striatal dopamine (DA) that can occur after methamphetamine (METH) administration has been linked to METH-induced hyperthermia. The relationship between METH-induced hyperthermia, neurotoxicity (striatal DA depletions) and compounds that protect against METH neurotoxicity was further investigated in this study. Typically, rats exposed to(More)
Considerable evidence indicates that ethanol acts on specific residues in the transmembrane domains of glycine receptors (GlyRs). In this study, we tested the hypothesis that the extracellular domain is also a target for ethanol action by investigating the effect of cysteine substitutions at positions 52 (extracellular domain) and 267 (transmembrane domain)(More)
BACKGROUND Behavioral and biochemical studies indicate that exposure to 12 times normal atmospheric pressure (12 ATA) of helium-oxygen gas (heliox) is a direct, selective ethanol antagonist. The current study begins to test the hypothesis that ethanol acts by a common mechanism on ligand-gated ion channels by expanding previous hyperbaric investigations on(More)
P2X receptors are cation-selective, ligand-gated ion channels activated by synaptically released, extracellular adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP). ATP-gated currents are inhibited by ethanol when tested in dorsal root ganglion and CA1 neurons. Recently, we reported differences in sensitivity to ethanol inhibition between homomeric P2X(2) and P2X(4) receptors(More)
To determine whether R282 in transmembrane segment 7 (TMS7) of hPepT1 forms a salt bridge with D341 in TMS8. Mutated hPepT1 transporters containing point mutations at R282 and/or D341 were transiently transfected into HEK293 cells. Their steady state expression and functional activity were measured using immunoprecipitation and 3H-gly-sar uptake,(More)
ATP-gated purinergic P2X4 receptors (P2X4Rs) are expressed in the central nervous system and are sensitive to ethanol at intoxicating concentrations. P2XRs are trimeric; each subunit consists of two transmembrane (TM) alpha-helical segments, a large extracellular domain, and intracellular amino and carboxyl terminals. Recent work indicates that position 336(More)
Glycine receptors (GlyRs) are recognized as the primary mediators of neuronal inhibition in the spinal cord, brain stem and higher brain regions known to be sensitive to ethanol. Building evidence supports the notion that ethanol acting on GlyRs causes at least a subset of its behavioral effects and may be involved in modulating ethanol intake. For over two(More)
The present studies used increased atmospheric pressure in place of a traditional pharmacological antagonist to probe the molecular sites and mechanisms of ethanol action in glycine receptors (GlyRs). Based on previous studies, we tested the hypothesis that physical-chemical properties at position 52 in extracellular domain Loop 2 of alpha1GlyRs, or the(More)
Previous studies have shown that exposure to 12 times normal atmospheric pressure of helium-oxygen gas (heliox) directly antagonizes a range of ethanol's acute and chronic behavioral effects. The present study extends the investigation to the biochemical level by investigating the effects of pressure on ethanol-induced potentiation of GABA(A) receptor(More)
BACKGROUND P2X receptors are ligand-gated cation channels that are gated by synaptically released extracellular adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP). P2X receptors are inhibited by ethanol; however, few investigations have focused on ethanol's effects in P2X receptors. Recently, recombinant homomeric P2X4 receptors were reported to be sensitive to ethanol's(More)