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Status of this Memo This document specifies an Internet standards track protocol for the Internet community, and requests discussion and suggestions for improvements. Please refer to the current edition of the "Internet Official Protocol Standards" (STD 1) for the standardization state and status of this protocol. Distribution of this memo is unlimited.(More)
Herein we report a next generation muscarinic receptor 4 (M(4)) positive allosteric modulator (PAM), ML253 which exhibits nanomolar activity at both the human (EC(50)=56 nM) and rat (EC(50)=176 nM) receptors and excellent efficacy by the left-ward shift of the ACh concentration response curve (fold shift, human=106; rat=50). In addition, ML253 is selective(More)
Binding characteristics of the selective dopamine uptake inhibitor [3H]GBR 12935 have been described for the striatum but not for the frontal cortex. We have developed assay conditions for quantifying [3H]GBR 12935 binding in the frontal cortex. In both the rat and human frontal cortex, the assay required four times more tissue (8 mg/ml) than in the(More)
An iterative analogue library synthesis strategy rapidly developed comprehensive SAR for the mGluR5 ago-potentiator ADX-47273. This effort identified key substituents in the 3-position of oxadiazole that engendered either mGluR5 ago-potentiation or pure mGluR5 positive allosteric modulation. The mGluR5 positive allosteric modulators identified possessed the(More)
Cocaine is a powerful and highly addictive stimulant that disrupts the normal reward circuitry in the central nervous system (CNS), producing euphoric effects. Cocaine use can lead to acute and life threatening emergencies, and abuse is associated with increased risk for contracting infectious diseases. Though certain types of behavioral therapy have proven(More)
The uptake of [3H]dopamine into synaptosomes obtained from the nucleus accumbens, striatum and frontal cortex was evaluated after chronic treatment with cocaine. Cocaine was administered in a concentration of 10 mg/kg, twice a day for 7 days. Fourteen days after the last injection, locomotor activity and [3H] dopamine uptake were evaluated. Base-line(More)
Recent progress in the discovery of mGlu₁ allosteric modulators has suggested the modulation of mGlu₁ could offer possible treatment for a number of central nervous system disorders; however, the available chemotypes are inadequate to fully investigate the therapeutic potential of mGlu₁ modulation. To address this issue, we used a fluorescence-based(More)
Schizophrenia is a complex and highly heterogeneous psychiatric disorder whose precise etiology remains elusive. While genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified risk genes, they have failed to determine if rare coding single nucleotide polymorphisms (nsSNPs) contribute in schizophrenia. Recently, two independent studies identified 12 rare,(More)
In order to evaluate comprehensively haloperidol pharmacokinetics under fixed-dose treatment conditions, psychiatric patients were studied after treatment with an acute dose, during maintenance therapy, and after withdrawal from haloperidol following steady-state conditions. After single doses, haloperidol appeared rapidly in serum, achieving peak(More)
Dopamine can be autoxidized to superoxides and quinones. Superoxides can form hydroxyl radicals that are highly reactive with lipids, proteins and DNA leading to neuronal damage and cell death. We used a clonal catecholaminergic cell line (CATH.a) derived from the central nervous system to evaluate the effects of dopamine on cell death, lipid peroxidation(More)