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A large-scale effort, termed the Secreted Protein Discovery Initiative (SPDI), was undertaken to identify novel secreted and transmembrane proteins. In the first of several approaches, a biological signal sequence trap in yeast cells was utilized to identify cDNA clones encoding putative secreted proteins. A second strategy utilized various algorithms that(More)
Three anti-cholecystokinin antibodies were used to label the stomatogastric nervous system of the crab Cancer borealis. Labeled tissues were examined as whole mounts using laser scanning confocal microscopy. Although each of the anti-cholecystokinin antibodies labeled a variety of structures within the stomatogastric nervous system (including somata, fibers(More)
We used antibodies to a number of neuromodulatory substances, including serotonin, FLRF amide, red pigment-concentrating hormone, substance P, proctolin and cholecystokinin, to investigate the distribution of molecules similar to these substances in the stomatogastric ganglion of the crab, Cancer borealis. No immunoreactivity was seen in the region of the(More)
The neuropil of the stomatogastric ganglion of the crab Cancer borealis contains many neuronal processes that may be arranged either at random or in some form of orderly structure. In this study, we provide evidence for two types of order in the neuropil, a segregation of the processes based on their size and a cell-specific distribution to the fine(More)
The pyloric pattern generator network of the stomatogastric ganglion uses a mixture of burst-inducing plateau potentials, synaptic transmission, and electrical coupling to produce its patterned output. This study examines the effects of two divalent, calcium channel blockers, nickel and cadmium, on voltage oscillations, synaptic transmission, and electrical(More)
This article addresses revitalization of a dormant language whose prospective speakers live in scattered geographical areas. In comparison to increasing the usage of an endangered language, revitalizing a dormant language (one with no living speakers) requires different methods to gain knowledge of the language. Language teaching for a dormant language with(More)
The article reports the results of a usability test applying digital smartpen technology and interactive audio booklets to assist the Miami Tribe of Oklahoma in revitalization of the Myaamia language and culture. The usability test was conducted to determine if computer technology such as smartpens can provide an effective tool in the Tribe's home-based(More)
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