Daryl B. Greenfield

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Research suggests that promoting adaptive approaches to learning early in childhood may help close the gap between advantaged and disadvantaged children. Recent research has identified specific child-level and classroom-level variables that are significantly associated with preschoolers' approaches to learning. However, further research is needed to(More)
A growing percentage of low-income children in the United States come from Spanish-speaking homes and are dual language learners (DLLs). Recent research shows that bilingual children, compared to monolinguals, have enhanced executive functioning (EF), a set of foundational cognitive skills that predict higher social-emotional competence and academic(More)
of a thesis at the University of Miami. Embracing challenges and coping with setbacks broadly characterize a set of skills known as motivation orientation. Smiley and Dweck (1994) define two types of motivational orientations (MO): mastery motivated orientation (MMO) and performance
of a dissertation at the University of Miami. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the effects of executive functions on school readiness outcomes were mediated by approaches to learning in Head Start preschoolers. Executive functions are cognitive skills, including inhibition, cognitive flexibility, and working memory, that are involved in(More)
The ability of 27 pairs of mildly mentally retarded and normally achieving 6- through 8-year-old students to apply an oddity rule to an experimental set of letter and word oddity problems was assessed. The mildly retarded group evidenced a markedly lower level of performance on all five experimental oddity problems, but they did evidence successful(More)
Forty mildly retarded, 6- through 9-year-old children selected from educable mentally retarded (EMR) classes and 40 normally achieving students of the same age were pretrained on the oddity solution and then given eight different, six-trial oddity transfer problems. A higher level of transfer was associated with the older (8- and 9-year-olds) and with the(More)
Assessed 88 infants at risk for mental retardation on the Bayley Scales of Infant Development and a measure of visual recognition memory at 3 months corrected age. Bayley scales were administered again when the infants were 1-year-old. At 3 months of age the Bayley scales and the measure of visual recognition memory were not significantly correlated. Both(More)
This paper compares LD and non-LD peers on eight variants of the oddity task. This study is part of a larger programmatic research effort aimed at the development of a screening test to detect preschool children who currently pass existing screening tests but, nonetheless, subsequently experience school failure. The theoretical orientation of this approach(More)
The relationship between novelty-familiarity learning and oddity-matching learning by developmentally young (MA 3 to 6 years) mentally retarded children was investigated. Delayed oddity-matching was shown to be easier to learn than simultaneous oddity-matching. This difference was attributed to the influence of the novelty-familiarity dimension. In a(More)