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1. Introduction 1 Certain phonological phenomena, such as the lengthening of vowels in stressed syllables or the attraction of stress to heavy syllables, are best accounted for by means of markedness constraints that make specific reference to strong positions (M/str constraints). However, not just any markedness constraint can be relativized to strong(More)
Russian maintains a contrast between non-palatalized and palatalized trills that has been lost in most Slavic languages. This research investigates the phonetic expression of this contrast in an attempt to understand how the contrast is maintained. One hypothesis is that the contrast is stabilized through resistance to coarticulation between the trill and(More)
This study examined the effect of number of syllables and syllable structure on repetition of pseudo-words by Russian-speaking children with Specific Language Impairment (SLI) and typically developing (TD) children. One hundred and forty-four pseudo-words, varying in length and syllable complexity, were presented to two groups of children: 15 children with(More)
Production of a trill depends on several articulatory and aerodynamic constraints. These constraints can be held responsible for various sound changes in Slavic languages which all involve depalatalization or frication of Proto-Slavic palatalized trilled r. As soon as a trill is affected by palatalization, the aerodynamic conditions are changed and the(More)
Opaque interactions have been recognised as a challenge for Optimality Theory (OT) for a long time. We show that although there has been considerable effort to bring opacity into the scope of OT, some types of process interactions are still problematic for the theory. Based on data from Tundra Nenets, we present and analyse a case of fed counterfeeding in(More)
Several factors coincide to make the interaction of frequency, morphology and prosody particularly visible in Singaporean English (SgEng). Segmentation of prosodic words (pwords) is unusually explicit: glottal stops consistently appear at vowel-initial pword left edges, while surface tone assignment is both stress-dependent and sensitive to pword right(More)
In OT with Candidate Chains (McCarthy 2007), candidates are multi-step derivations, and the PREC constraints which regulate the order of derivational steps can inspect entire candidate derivations. that OT-CC opens the door to certain kinds of 'global rules' (Lakoff 1970)—that is, effects in which the application or non-application of a process is decided(More)
is paper presents a derivational OT account of the word-nal deletion and augmentation alternations in Lardil. It presents two arguments in favor of the stratal view of derivations where the grammar is diierent at diierent stages (Bermúdez-Otero forthcoming, Kiparsky forthcoming), and against the serial view where the ranking is the same at all steps, and(More)