Darya Chetverina

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Insulators are defined as a class of regulatory elements that delimit independent transcriptional domains within eukaryotic genomes. According to previous data, an interaction (pairing) between some Drosophila insulators can support distant activation of a promoter by an enhancer. Here, we have demonstrated that pairs of well-studied insulators such as(More)
Much of the research on insulators in Drosophila has been done with transgenic constructs using the white gene (mini-white) as reporter. Hereby we report that the sequence between the white and CG32795 genes in Drosophila melanogaster contains an insulator of a novel kind. Its functional core is within a 368 bp segment almost contiguous to the white 3'UTR,(More)
Enhancers are positive DNA regulatory sequences controlling temporal and tissue-specific gene expression. These elements act independently of their orientation and distance relative to the promoters of target genes. Enhancers act through a variety of transcription factors that ensure their correct match with target promoters and consequent gene activation.(More)
Enhancer elements determine the level of target gene transcription in a tissue-specific manner, providing for individual patterns of gene expression in different cells. Knowledge of the mechanisms controlling enhancer action is crucial for understanding global regulation of transcription. In particular, enhancers are often localized within transcribed(More)
Insulators are regulatory DNA elements that participate in the modulation of the interactions between enhancers and promoters. Depending on the situation, insulators can either stabilize or destroy the contacts between enhancers and promoters. A possible explanation for the activity of insulators is their ability to directly interact with gene promoters. In(More)
In higher eukaryotes, the level of gene transcription is under the control of DNA regulatory elements, such as promoter, from which transcription is initiated with the participation of RNA polymerase II and general transcription factors, as well as the enhancer, which increase the rate of transcription with the involvement of activator proteins and(More)
The Drosophila GAGA factor (GAF) has an extraordinarily diverse set of functions that include the activation and silencing of gene expression, nucleosome organization and remodeling, higher order chromosome architecture and mitosis. One hypothesis that could account for these diverse activities is that GAF is able to interact with partners that have(More)
Insulators are regulatory DNA elements that modulate the effect of enhancers and silencers on gene transcription. However, the role of the insulator proteins in the expression of specific genes remains scarcely studied. In the present study, we examined the role of the Su(Hw)-dependent insulator complex in transcription of the rap, CG32810, and RpS15Aa(More)
To ensure stable operation of transgenic systems and maintain reporter gene expression at a certain level, it is necessary to search for the conditions that protect the activity of regulatory elements. In this study, we have shown that the SV40 transcription terminators flanking the transgene protect enhancers and silencers of Drosophila and ensure their(More)
Maintenance of the individual patterns of gene expression in different cell types is required for the differentiation and development of multicellular organisms. Expression of many genes is controlled by Polycomb (PcG) and Trithorax (TrxG) group proteins that act through association with chromatin. PcG/TrxG are assembled on the DNA sequences termed PREs(More)
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