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Human adenovirus (Ad2), like many other viruses, contains a virion-associated proteinase essential for the synthesis of infectious virus particles. We observed proteinase activity in wild-type virus but not in the ts-1 virus, which contains a mutation in the Ad2 L3 endoprotease gene that confers temperature-sensitive processing of virion precursor proteins.(More)
The adenovirus proteinase (AVP) uses both an 11-amino acid peptide (pVIc) and the viral DNA as cofactors to increase its catalytic rate constant 6000-fold. The crystal structure of an AVP-pVIc complex at 2.6-A resolution reveals a new protein fold of an enzyme that is the first member of a new class of cysteine proteinases, which arose via convergent(More)
The interaction of the human adenovirus proteinase (AVP) with various DNAs was characterized. AVP requires two cofactors for maximal activity, the 11-amino acid residue peptide from the C-terminus of adenovirus precursor protein pVI (pVIc) and the viral DNA. DNA binding was monitored by changes in enzyme activity or by fluorescence anisotropy. The(More)
The interaction of the human adenovirus proteinase (AVP) and AVP-DNA complexes with the 11-amino acid cofactor pVIc was characterized. The equilibrium dissociation constant for the binding of pVIc to AVP was 4.4 microM. The binding of AVP to 12-mer single-stranded DNA decreased the K(d) for the binding of pVIc to AVP to 0.09 microM. The pVIc-AVP complex(More)
The type of proteinase and the nature of the active site of the human adenovirus proteinase are unknown. For these reasons we produced an inhibitor profile of the enzyme. Enzyme activity in disrupted virions was inhibited by several serine-specific as well as cysteine-specific proteinase inhibitors. Of the inhibitors that worked, the most useful potentially(More)
Human adenovirus contains a virion-associated proteinase activity essential for the development of infectious virus. Maximal proteinase activity in vitro had been shown to require three viral components: the L3 23-kDa protein, an 11-amino acid cofactor (pVIc), and the viral DNA. Here, we present a quantitative purification procedure for a recombinant L3(More)
A theory and experimental method are presented to characterize the kinetics of fast-acting, irreversible proteinase inhibitors. The theory is based upon formal analysis of the case of an irreversible inhibitor competing with a substrate for the active-site of a proteinase. From this theory, an experimental method is described by which the individual(More)
The crystal and molecular structure of trypsin at a transiently stable intermediate step during catalysis has been determined by X-ray diffraction methods. Bovine trypsin cleaved the substrate p-nitrophenyl p-guanidinobenzoate during crystallization under conditions in which the acyl-enzyme intermediate, (guanidinobenzoyl)trypsin, was stable. Orthorhombic(More)