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BACKGROUND Increased secretion of growth hormone leads to gigantism in children and acromegaly in adults; the genetic causes of gigantism and acromegaly are poorly understood. METHODS We performed clinical and genetic studies of samples obtained from 43 patients with gigantism and then sequenced an implicated gene in samples from 248 patients with(More)
Previous studies have shown that both 17β-estradiol (E2) treatment and chronic stress may attenuate post-OVX weight gain in the female rat. However, the interaction between E2 and stress is unclear. This study examined the effect of E2 treatment and chronic immobilization stress on body weight. Adult OVX Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to one of(More)
The decapeptide GnRH is known for its central role in the regulation of the hypothalamo-pituitary-gonadal axis. In addition, it is also known to have local effects within peripheral tissues. The zinc metalloendopeptidase, EC 3.4.24.15 (EP24.15), can cleave GnRH at the Tyr(5)-Gly(6) bond to form the pentapeptide, GnRH-(1-5). The central and peripheral effect(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to distinguish the role of specific estrogen receptors (ERs), ERalpha and ERbeta, on body weight regulation using a rat model of weight gain subsequent to menopause. STUDY DESIGN Ovariectomized rats were utilized as the animal model to simulate the postmenopause weight gain. The rats were ovariectomized and(More)
Given the central role of the decapeptide gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) in reproductive function, our long-term objective is to delineate the underlying mechanism regulating these reproductive processes. The outcome of GnRH secretion is in part dependent on the proteolytic metabolism of this decapeptide. In contrast to the belief that the metabolism(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of stress and estradiol (E2) on pain tolerance. Ovariectomized rats were assigned to treatment groups based on a 2 x 4 factorial design comprising stress (nonstress x stress) and hormone treatment vehicle x E2 [0.25 mg/kg/d]) x estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha)-selective agonist propyl pyrazole triol (1(More)
The gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) was originally isolated from the mammalian hypothalamus for its role as the primary regulator of reproductive function. Since its discovery, GnRH has also been shown to be located in non-hypothalamic tissues and is known to have diverse functions. Although the regulation of GnRH synthesis and release has been(More)
17β-Estradiol is known to regulate energy metabolism and body weight. Ovariectomy results in body weight gain while estradiol administration results in a reversal of weight gain. Isoflavones, found in rodent chow, can mimic estrogenic effects making it crucial to understand the role of these compounds on metabolic regulation. The goal of this study is to(More)
We recently showed that Xq26.3 microduplications cause X-linked acrogigantism (X-LAG). X-LAG patients mainly present with growth hormone and prolactin-secreting adenomas and share a minimal duplicated region containing at least four genes. GPR101 was the only gene highly expressed in their pituitary lesions, but little is known about its expression(More)
We have previously demonstrated that the cleavage product of the full-length GnRH, GnRH-(1-5), is biologically active, binds G protein-coupled receptor 173 (GPR173), and inhibits the migration of cells in the immortalized GnRH-secreting GN11 cell. In this study, we attempted to characterize the GnRH-(1-5) intracellular signaling mechanism. To determine(More)