Darryll D. Dudley

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The Wiskott–Aldrich syndrome protein (WASP) family of molecules integrates upstream signalling events with changes in the actin cytoskeleton. N-WASP has been implicated both in the formation of cell-surface projections (filopodia) required for cell movement and in the actin-based motility of intracellular pathogens. To examine N-WASP function we have used(More)
Cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) are important to the control of viral replication and their presence may be important to disease outcome. An understanding of the spectrum of proteins recognized by hepatitis C virus (HCV)-specific CTL and the functional properties of these cells is an important step in understanding the disease process and the mechanisms of(More)
The recombination-activating gene (RAG)1 and RAG2 proteins comprise the lymphocyte-specific components of the V(D)J recombinase and are required for the assembly of antigen-receptor variable-region genes. A mutant truncated RAG2 protein ("core" RAG2) lacking the C-terminal 144 amino acids, together with core RAG1, is able to mediate the basic biochemical(More)
V(D)J recombination is the process by which the variable region exons encoding the antigen recognition sites of receptors expressed on B and T lymphocytes are generated during early development via somatic assembly of component gene segments. In response to antigen, somatic hypermutation (SHM) and class switch recombination (CSR) induce further(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a common infection worldwide, and in most persons, it leads to persistent viremia and liver damage. Efforts to identify the correlates of protective immunity are hampered by this high rate of persistent infection in both infected humans and the only animal model, the chimpanzee. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells from seronegative(More)
To assess the role of the DNA-PKcs nonhomologous DNA end-joining (NHEJ) protein in Ig heavy chain class switch recombination (CSR), we assayed CSR ability of DNA-PKcs-deficient (DP-T) B cells generated via complementation of DP-T mice with Ig heavy chain and light chain knock-in transgenes (DP-T/HC/LC mice). DP-T/HC/LC mice were severely deficient for all(More)
RAG1 and RAG2 play a central role in V(D)J recombination, a process for antigen receptor gene assembly. The truncated 'core' regions of RAGs are sufficient to catalyze the recombination reaction, although with lower joining efficiency than full-length proteins. To investigate the role of the non-core regions of RAGs in the end-joining phase of antigen(More)
RAG1 and RAG2 are the lymphocyte-specific components of the V(D)J recombinase. In vitro analyses of RAG function have relied on soluble, highly truncated "core" RAG proteins. To identify potential functions for noncore regions and assess functionality of core RAG1 in vivo, we generated core RAG1 knockin (RAG1(c/c)) mice. Significant B and T cell numbers are(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a major cause of post-transfusion and sporadic hepatitis worldwide, leading to chronic liver disease in at least 50% of infected individuals. The pathogenic mechanisms that result in chronic hepatitis are unknown. Lymphocytes are typically observed within the hepatic parenchyma, but the functional characteristics of these cells(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV)-specific CTL have been found within the inflammatory infiltrate of the liver of chronically infected individuals, but the breadth and specificity of the CTL response in relation to viral load are less well characterized. In this study, we analyzed the intrahepatic CTL response in liver biopsy specimens from 44 chronically infected(More)