Learn More
The amyloid beta peptide is toxic to neurons, and it is believed that this toxicity plays a central role in the progression of Alzheimer's disease. The mechanism of this toxicity is contentious. Here we report that an Abeta peptide with the sulfur atom of Met-35 oxidized to a sulfoxide (Met(O)Abeta) is toxic to neuronal cells, and this toxicity is(More)
BACKGROUND Alzheimer disease (AD) may be caused by the toxic accumulation of beta-amyloid (Abeta). OBJECTIVE To test this theory, we developed a clinical intervention using clioquinol, a metal-protein-attenuating compound (MPAC) that inhibits zinc and copper ions from binding to Abeta, thereby promoting Abeta dissolution and diminishing its toxic(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by the presence of neurofibrillary tangles and amyloid plaques, which are abnormal protein deposits. The major constituent of the plaques is the neurotoxic beta-amyloid peptide (Abeta); the genetics of familial AD support a direct role for this peptide in AD. Abeta neurotoxicity is linked to hydrogen peroxide(More)
The amyloid beta peptide (Abeta) is toxic to neuronal cells, and it is probable that this toxicity is responsible for the progressive cognitive decline associated with Alzheimer's disease. However, the nature of the toxic Abeta species and its precise mechanism of action remain to be determined. It has been reported that the methionine residue at position(More)
Amino-acid substitutions, which result from common nonsynonymous (NS) polymorphisms, may dramatically alter the function of the encoded protein. Gaining insight into how these substitutions alter function is a step toward acquiring predictability. In this study, we incorporated gene resequencing, functional genomics, amino-acid characterization and crystal(More)
The Wilms' tumor 1 gene, WT1, encodes a zinc-finger protein that is implicated in the development of Wilms' tumor. Mutant or aberrantly expressed WT1 isoforms have also been described in desmoplastic small round cell tumor, acute leukemias, mesothelioma, breast tumors and melanoma. During early development, WT1 is expressed in the brain and spinal cord,(More)
The toxicity of the amyloid-beta peptide (Abeta) is thought to be responsible for the neurodegeneration associated with Alzheimer disease. Generation of hydrogen peroxide has been implicated as a key step in the toxic pathway. Abeta coordinates the redox active metal ion Cu2+ to catalytically generate H2O2. Structural studies on the interaction of Abeta(More)
The Wilms' tumor gene (WT1) encodes a zinc-finger transcription factor that is expressed as four distinct isoforms designated as, + / +, + / -, - / + and - / -. It is expressed in leukemic cells, and is proposed to play a role in their proliferation and differentiation. In this study we have shown that cell lines of the erythroleukemia, K562, overexpressing(More)
  • 1