Darryl Knight

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Double-labeling immunohistochemical studies were performed to discern the morphological relationships between corticotropin-releasing factor-immunoreactive (CRF-ir) perikarya and afferent innervation in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) of the rat. Attention was focussed on the local innervation by serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT),(More)
Leptin, a product of the obese (ob) gene, is secreted by adipocytes and appears to act as a hormone to regulate food intake, metabolism and body weight. Subcutaneous administration of leptin causes reductions in food intake and body and fat-depot weights in both lean and genetically obese (ob/ob) mice, and leptin infusion into the lateral cerebral(More)
An indirect immunohistochemical method in which an avidin-biotinylated horseradish peroxidase complex is bound to the secondary antibody was used to visualize substance P-immunoreactive (SPI) nerves in the rat kidney. Rats were perfused with 2% paraformaldehyde + 0.15% picric acid in 0.1 M phosphate buffer, then transferred to the buffer. After 24-48 h, the(More)
Immunoperoxidase and immunofluorescence procedures were used to visualize polyclonal antiserum binding to apolipoprotein (apo) A-IV in rat brain. With both methods, tanycytes and astrocytes were labeled throughout both white and gray matter. Within the cells, the labeling was granular and it was confined to the perinuclear zone and proximal regions of the(More)
High-fat diet alters apo E-dependent processing of beta-amyloid precursor protein. Here we have evaluated the effects of dietary fat on brain apo E mRNA in Zucker lean and obese rats. After approximately 2 months on a high-fat diet, there was significant up-regulation of brain apo E mRNA in the Zucker lean rat in parallel with weight gain. Densitometric(More)
The present study tests the hypothesis that contralaterally projecting supraspinal projection neurons (SPNs) are generated prior to ipsilaterally projecting SPNs. Neuronal time of origin was determined by injecting pregnant rats with tritiated thymidine on one of embryonic (E) days E12 through E15. In mature offspring of thymidine-treated dams, SPNs in the(More)
We studied the effects of 5- and 6-hydroxydopamine on adrenergic neurotransmission, fluorescence histochemistry, and nerve terminal ultrastructure in the canine pulmonary vascular bed. Fluorescence histochemistry on stretched preparations and sections of intrapulmonary artery and vein demonstrated that these vessels are well supplied with adrenergic nerves(More)
The canine pulmonary vascular bed has been studied with an in situ, blood perfusion system in the closed chest dog. Utilizing this system, the question as to whether or not the sympathetic nervous system modulates pulmonary vascular smooth muscle tone and blood flow was examined. Stimulation of the left stellate ganglion and administration of exogenous(More)
Nerve terminal-smooth muscle relationships were studied in pulmonary arteries of the cat using 5-hydroxydopamine to help differentiate adrenergic and nonadrenergic terminals. There was a periarterial plexus of nerves in the walls of pulmonary arteries that extended into the lung to innervate even small arteries having a single layer of smooth muscle cells.(More)
We investigated the effects of catecholamines and sympathetic nerve stimulation in the feline pulmonary vascular bed under conditions of controlled pulmonary blood flow. Norepinephrine and nerve stimulation caused dose- and stimulus frequency-dependent increases in pulmonary vascular resistance. However, when pulmonary vascular tone was enhanced and alpha(More)