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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE The original Whickham Survey documented the prevalence of thyroid disorders in a randomly selected sample of 2779 adults which matched the population of Great Britain in age, sex and social class. The aim of the twenty-year follow-up survey was to determine the incidence and natural history of thyroid disease in this cohort. (More)
In an attempt to derive estimates of the incidence and prevalence of acromegaly a survey of the population in the area served by the former Newcastle Regional Hospital Board has been conducted to detect cases of acromegaly alive after 1 January 1960 and diagnosed before 31 December 1971. Cases were detected by means of letters to general practitioners,(More)
Epidermal growth factor receptors are present in some breast cancers in man, and there is an inverse relation to oestrogen receptor state. We assessed the presence of epidermal growth factor receptors as a single prognostic indicator in a series of breast tumours by comparing this with the Bloom and Richardson scores for these tumours. One hundred and eight(More)
The successful development of a long-term organ culture system has made it possible to perform experiments on rat colonic mucosa in vitro. However, the effect of trauma or the withdrawal of trophic influences in culture may result in the disturbance of proliferation within the tissue. In this paper we describe an investigation designed to characterise the(More)
This study describes an explant organ-culture system in which human colonic mucosa can be maintained for prolonged periods in serum-free medium. Following an initial phase of epithelial cell loss, there was intense regenerative activity, with the reformation of tubular crypts. Estimation of crypt lengths revealed a marked reduction after 5 and 9 days in(More)
Sulindac, a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, has been reported to lead to tumour regression in cases of human polyposis coli. We have investigated the effects of this drug on the growth of 1,2-dimethylhydrazine (DMH)-induced mouse colonic tumours. In one experiment, DMH and oral sulindac were administered concurrently to a group of mice for a period of(More)
There is little age-specific information on changes in dietary intake over time in this country, yet this is valuable in assessing the effectiveness of health education programmes particularly in vulnerable groups such as adolescents. In 1990, 379 children aged 12 years completed two 3 d dietary records. They were interviewed by one dietitian on the day(More)
The aim of this report of the dietary sources of energy, protein, fat and fibre in 375 English adolescents aged 11-14 years is to contribute to the development of health education. Each child recorded their dietary intake five times over a 2-year period using a 3-day diary with interview. Food tables (Paul & Southgate, 1978) were used to calculate nutrient(More)
We have measured mitotic indices and 3H-thymidine-labelling indices for the colonic epithelial tumours induced in rats by the administration of dimethyl-hydrazine (DMH). The fraction-of-labelled-mitoses (FLM) technique has been used to estimate the duration of the cell-cycle phases. In general, mitotic and labelling indices in the tumours are similar to(More)