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Over a 2-yr period, we investigated the annual cycles of plasma testosterone and corticosterone and the relationships between these hormones and body condition in a wild population of male red-spotted garter snakes, Thamnophis sirtalis concinnus. In the 10 mo that were sampled, a peak in testosterone was observed in late summer during gametogenesis and(More)
We identified and investigated the changes in expression of two gill Na(+), K(+)-ATPase α-subunit isoforms (α-1a and α-1b) in relationship with salinity acclimation in a cichlid fish, Mozambique tilapia. Transfer of freshwater (FW)-acclimated fish to seawater (SW) resulted in a marked reduction in α-1a expression within 24 h and a significant increase in(More)
Sex steroids are known to interfere with the parr-smolt transformation of anadromous salmonids, and environmental estrogens such as nonylphenol have recently been implicated in reduced returns of Atlantic salmon in the wild. To determine the endocrine pathways by which estrogenic compounds affect smolt development and seawater tolerance, groups of juvenile(More)
Population declines of wild Atlantic salmon have been attributed to an array of anthropogenic disturbances, including dams, commercial and recreational fishing, habitat loss, and pollution. Environmental contaminants in particular, can act as environmental stressors on fish, typically causing disruption of ion homeostasis due to their close association with(More)
Population declines of anadromous salmonids are attributed to anthropogenic disturbances including dams, commercial and recreational fisheries, and pollutants, such as estrogenic compounds. Nonylphenol (NP), a xenoestrogen, is widespread in the aquatic environment due to its use in agricultural, industrial, and household products. We exposed Atlantic salmon(More)
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are a widespread aquatic contaminant and are present in both wild and hatchery raised Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar. The possible sub-lethal alterations in smolt physiology and behavior due to PCB exposure of salmon have not been widely examined. In this study, we examined the effects of the PCB mixture Aroclor 1254 on(More)
This study investigated endocrine control of branchial ionoregulatory function in Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) by prolactin (Prl188 and Prl177), growth hormone (Gh) and cortisol. Branchial expression of Na+/Cl− cotransporter (ncc) and Na+/K+/2Cl− cotransporter (nkcc) genes were employed as specific markers for freshwater- and seawater-type(More)
Introduced species are an increasingly pervasive problem. While studies on the ecology and behavior of these pests are numerous, there is relatively little known of their physiology, specifically their reproductive and stress physiology. One of the best documented introduced pest species is the brown tree snake, Boiga irregularis, which was introduced onto(More)
The responses of Mozambique and Nile tilapia acclimated to fresh water (FW) and brackish water (BW; 17 per thousand) were compared following acute salinity challenges. In both species, plasma osmolality increased to above 450 mOsm by 2h after transfer from FW to seawater (SW); these increases in osmolality were accompanied by unexpected increases in plasma(More)
The red-spotted garter snake exhibits adult size dimorphism in which females are the larger sex. To understand which hormones may influence differential growth in this species, growth curves and hormone profiles of estradiol-17beta (E2) and testosterone (T) were constructed in male and female neonates. Growth was manipulated via implantation of exogenous(More)