Darren S. Dale

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The unique physical and movement characteristics of children necessitate the development of accelerometer equations and cut points that are population specific. The purpose of this study is to develop an ecologically valid cut point for the Biotrainer Pro monitor that reflects a threshold for moderate-intensity physical activity in elementary school(More)
Growing hypoxic and anoxic areas in coastal environments reduce fish habitat, but the interactions and impact on fish in these areas are poorly understood. Using "natural tag" properties of otoliths, we found significant correlations between the extent of Baltic Sea hypoxia and Mn/Ca ratios in regions of cod (Gadus morhua) otoliths corresponding to year 1(More)
Peak detection is ubiquitous in the analysis of spectral data. While many noise-filtering algorithms and peak identification algorithms have been developed, recent work [P. Du, W. Kibbe, and S. Lin, Bioinformatics 22, 2059 (2006); A. Wee, D. Grayden, Y. Zhu, K. Petkovic-Duran, and D. Smith, Electrophoresis 29, 4215 (2008)] has demonstrated that both of(More)
We grew SrTiO3 on SrTiO3(001) by pulsed laser deposition, using x-ray scattering to monitor the growth in real time. The time-resolved small-angle scattering exhibits a well-defined length scale associated with the spacing between unit-cell high surface features. This length scale imposes a discrete spectrum of Fourier components and rate constants upon the(More)
High-throughput crystallography is an important tool in materials research, particularly for the rapid assessment of structure-property relationships. We present a technique for simultaneous acquisition of diffraction images and fluorescence spectra on a continuous composition spread thin film using a 60 keV x-ray source. Subsequent noninteractive data(More)
To test if otoliths can be used to track fish migration in polluted areas, fish sampled from Onondaga Lake, heavily polluted with mercury, were used in an assay to determine whether mercury was detectable in the fishes’ otoliths using synchrotron-based scanning X-ray fluorescence microscopy (SXFM). Mercury was undetectable, but selenium, rarely reported in(More)
Assemblies of 3.5 nm PbS nanoparticles (NPs) nucleate in three dominant superlattice polymorphs: amorphous, body-centered-cubic (bcc) and face-centered-cubic (fcc) phase. This superlattice relationship can be controlled by the inter-NP distance without changing the NP size. Upon increase of inter-NP distance, the packing density decreases, and the capping(More)
K. A. Aniol, D. S. Armstrong, T. Averett, M. Baylac , E. Burtin, J. Calarco, G. D. Cates , C. Cavata, Z. Chai, C. C. Chang, J.-P. Chen, E. Chudakov, E. Cisbani, M. Coman, D. Dale, A. Deur, P. Djawotho, M. B. Epstein, S. Escoffier, L. Ewell, N. Falletto, J. M. Finn, K. Fissum, A. Fleck, B. Frois, S. Frullani, J. Gao, F. Garibaldi, A. Gasparian, G. M.(More)
Bromine was found to accumulate in otoliths of Norwegian coastal Cod Gadus morhua that were reared under known conditions. Despite the fact that the Cod were moved from one rearing environment to another, causing marked changes in some otolith elemental concentrations, bromine appeared to accumulate continuously along certain growth axes as revealed by 2-D(More)
Pulsed laser deposition (PLD) of homoepitaxial SrTiO(3) 001 was studied with in situ x-ray specular reflectivity and surface diffuse x-ray scattering. Unlike prior reflectivity-based studies, these measurements access both time and length scales of the evolution of the surface morphology during growth. In particular, we show that this technique allows(More)