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BACKGROUND CONTEXT Traumatic fractures of the spine are most common at the thoracolumbar junction and can be a source of great disability. PURPOSE To review the most current information regarding the pathophysiology, injury pattern, treatment options, and outcomes. STUDY DESIGN Literature review. METHODS Relevant articles, textbook chapters, and(More)
STUDY DESIGN Retrospective case series. OBJECTIVE To determine the clinical and radiographic outcomes of patients undergoing minimally invasive lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) with a minimum 2-year follow-up. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Minimally invasive LLIF is performed through a lateral, retroperitoneal, transpsoas approach. This procedure is(More)
Age-related changes in the spinal column result in a degenerative cascade known as spondylosis. Genetic, environmental, and occupational influences may play a role. These spondylotic changes may result in direct compressive and ischemic dysfunction of the spinal cord known as cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM). Both static and dynamic factors contribute(More)
BACKGROUND CONTEXT Despite common use of intraoperative electrophysiologic neuromonitoring, injuries to the lumbar plexus during lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) have been reported. Emerging data suggest that recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) use during an anterior or transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion may be associated with(More)
BACKGROUND CONTEXT Lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) has become an increasingly common minimally invasive procedure for selective degenerative deformity correction, reduction of low-grade spondylolisthesis, and indirect foraminal decompression. Concerns remain about the safety of the transpsoas approach to the spine due to proximity of the lumbosacral(More)
STUDY DESIGN Retrospective case series. OBJECTIVE To report on the rare finding of motor deficits contralateral to the transpsoas approach in patients who underwent lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Although sensorimotor deficits occurring ipsilaterally to a transpsoas approach have more fully been elucidated, there(More)
STUDY DESIGN A retrieval analysis of wear modes and fixation of lumbar total disc replacements (TDRs). Explanted Prodisc-L TDRs were prospectively collected during a 7-year period (2005-2011) and analyzed. OBJECTIVE To assess the in vivo modes of wear and fixation of lumbar TDR with the Prodisc-L device. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Inferior clinical(More)
STUDY DESIGN Retrospective analysis of prospective registry data. OBJECTIVE To determine the patient characteristics, risk factors, and fracture patterns associated with vertebral artery injury (VAI) in patients with blunt cervical spine injury. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA VAI associated with cervical spine trauma has the potential for catastrophical(More)
STUDY DESIGN Retrospective analysis of 73 standalone lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) procedures to identify any association between the amount of coronal curve correction and lumbosacral plexus injuries and/or postoperative pain. OBJECTIVE To address if there is any association between the amount of correction in both the coronal and sagittal(More)
Cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) is a common indication for cervical spine surgery. Surgical options include anterior, posterior, or combined procedures each with specific advantages and disadvantages. This article will provide a description of the various anterior alternatives and discuss the available evidence used in guiding the surgical decision(More)