Darren J . Kelly

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The (pro)renin receptor ([P]RR) is a transmembrane protein that binds both renin and prorenin with high affinity, increasing the catalytic cleavage of angiotensinogen and signaling intracellularly through mitogen-activated protein kinase activation. Although initially reported as having no homology with any known membrane protein, other studies have(More)
Urotensin II (UII) is a somatostatin-like peptide recently identified as a potent vasoconstrictor. In this study, we examined whether UII promotes cardiac remodeling through nonhemodynamic effects on the myocardium. In a rat model of heart failure after myocardial infarction (MI), increased UII peptide and UII receptor protein expression was observed in(More)
BACKGROUND Renal enlargement is an early feature of both human and experimental diabetes. Although the precise mechanisms underlying its development are incompletely understood, locally active growth factors have been suggested to have a key role. Having previously documented increased expression of the proproliferative and antiapoptotic growth factor,(More)
AIM Early renal enlargement may predict the future development of nephropathy in patients with diabetes. The epidermal growth factor (EGF)-EGF receptor (EGFR) system plays a pivotal role in mediating renal hypertrophy, where it may act to regulate cell growth and proliferation and also to mediate the actions of angiotensin II through transactivation of the(More)
Neovascularization in the retina and iris of diabetic patients is a major cause of severe visual loss. However, study of these lesions is compromised by the lack of a comparable diabetic rodent model. Because the vasoactive and angiogenic agent, angiotensin II, is involved in diabetic microvascular disease, we aimed to determine whether endothelial cell(More)
BACKGROUND Serum glucocorticoid regulated kinase (SGK-1) is induced in the kidney in diabetes mellitus. However, its role in the proximal tubule is unclear. This study determined the expression and functional role of SGK-1 in PTCs in high glucose conditions. As the epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor is activated by both EGF and other factors implicated(More)
Cardiorenal syndrome is a condition in which a complex interrelationship between cardiac dysfunction and renal dysfunction exists. Despite advances in treatment of both cardiovascular and kidney disease, cardiorenal syndrome remains a major global health problem. Characteristic of the pathophysiology of cardiorenal syndrome is bidirectional cross-talk;(More)
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) results from the development of fibrosis, ultimately leading to end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Although human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can accelerate renal repair following acute injury, the establishment of fibrosis during CKD may affect their potential to influence regeneration capacity. Here we(More)
Epigenetic changes in gene expression play a role in the development of diabetic complications, including nephropathy. Histone deacetylases (HDACs) are a group of enzymes that exert epigenetic effects by altering the acetylation status of histone and nonhistone proteins. In the current study, we investigated the action of the clinically available HDAC(More)
Endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) deficiency may contribute to the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy in both experimental models and humans, but the underlying mechanism is not fully understood. Here, we studied two common sequelae of endothelial dysfunction in diabetes: glomerular capillary growth and effects on neighboring podocytes.(More)