Darren F. Seals

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Yeast vacuoles undergo priming, docking, and homotypic fusion, although little has been known of the connections between these reactions. Vacuole-associated Vam2p and Vam6p (Vam2/6p) are components of a 65S complex containing SNARE proteins. Upon priming by Sec18p/NSF and ATP, Vam2/6p is released as a 38S subcomplex that binds Ypt7p to initiate docking. We(More)
Tks5/Fish is a scaffolding protein with five SH3 domains and one PX domain. In Src-transformed cells, Tks5/Fish localizes to podosomes, discrete protrusions of the ventral membrane. We generated Src-transformed cells with reduced Tks5/Fish levels. They no longer formed podosomes, did not degrade gelatin, and were poorly invasive. We detected Tks5/Fish(More)
Fish is a scaffolding protein and Src substrate. It contains an amino-terminal Phox homology (PX) domain and five Src homology 3 (SH3) domains, as well as multiple motifs for binding both SH2 and SH3 domain-containing proteins. We have determined that the PX domain of Fish binds 3-phosphorylated phosphatidylinositols (including phosphatidylinositol(More)
The homotypic fusion of yeast vacuoles requires Sec18p (NSF)-driven priming to allow vacuole docking, but the mechanism that links priming and docking is unknown. We find that a large multisubunit protein called the Vam2/6p complex is bound to cis-paired SNAP receptors (SNAREs) on isolated vacuoles. This association of the Vam2/6p complex with the cis-SNARE(More)
A vacuole membrane-associated calcium-binding protein with an apparent mass of 45 kD was purified from celery (Apium graveolens). This protein, VCaB45, is enriched in highly vacuolate tissues and is located within the lumen of vacuoles. Antigenically related proteins are present in many dicotyledonous plants. VCaB45 contains significant amino acid identity(More)
Some years ago, we employed a screen of phage cDNA expression libraries to identify novel substrates of the protein tyrosine kinase Src. One of these, Tks5 (previously known as Fish), is a large scaffolding protein with an amino-terminal PX domain and five SH3 domains. In normal fibroblasts, Tks5 is cytoplasmic, but the protein is found in podosomes when(More)
A 42-kD, calcium-dependent, membrane-binding protein (VCaB42) was associated with partially purified vacuole membrane. Membrane-dissociation assays indicated that VCaB42 binding to vacuole membranes was selective for calcium over other cations and that 50% of VCaB42 remained membrane bound at 61 +/- 11 nM free calcium. A 13-amino acid sequence obtained from(More)
Invadopodia are membrane protrusions that facilitate matrix degradation and cellular invasion. Although lipids have been implicated in several aspects of invadopodia formation, the contributions of de novo fatty acid synthesis and lipogenesis have not been defined. Inhibition of acetyl-CoA carboxylase 1 (ACC1), the committed step of fatty acid synthesis,(More)
While angiogenesis inhibitors represent a viable cancer therapy, there is preclinical and clinical data to suggest that many tumors develop resistance to such treatments. Moreover, previous studies have revealed a complex association between autophagy and angiogenesis, and their collective influence on tumorigenesis. Autophagy has been implicated in(More)