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A recognition molecule was isolated from stigmas of S-allele genotype S(2)S(2) of Brassica oleracea var. capitata L. After Sephadex chromatography, it eluted as a single symmetrical peak during diethylaminoethane-cellulose chromatography. A high degree of purity was affirmed by: sedimentation as a single peak during ultracentrifugation through 5 to 20%(More)
The hypothesis tested was that lack of photoperiod gene activity allows inherent partitioning of photosynthate to continued growth of the earliest potential buds, flowers, pods, and seeds (the organs that give rise to the yield). Alternatively, and competitively, photoperiod gene activity causes the photosynthate to be partitioned predominantly toward(More)
A simple, PCR-based method has been developed for the rapid genotyping of large numbers of samples. The method involves a alkaline extraction of DNA from plant tissue using a slight modification of the procedure of Wang et al. (Nucleic Acids Res 21:4153-4154, 1993). Template DNA is amplified using allelespecific associated primers (ASAPs) which, at(More)
Measurements of net photosynthesis show that in Phaseolus vulgaris L. the cultivar Michelite-62 exceeds the cultivar Red Kidney in net CO(2) uptake by 23 to 31%. Data on translocation of pulse label indicate that export of a pulse of photosynthetically assimilated (14)C from the source leaf of either M-62 or Red Kidney follows an exponential pattern and(More)
In two cultivars of bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L., Redkloud and Redkote) the older fruits growing at the base of racemes aborted less frequently than the younger ones above them. When older fruits at the base of racemes were removed, the abortion rate of the younger ones was reduced and their abscisic acid (ABA) concentration was lowered. Thirteen days after(More)
Pollen of Brassica exhibited strong self-incompatibility. It did not germinate on, adhere to, or extend into the stigmatic tissues of the female parent plant. In contrast, pollen that had been treated with cycloheximide germinated on and penetrated into self-stigmas to the same degree as untreated pollen placed on crossstigmas (compatible). Germ tubes from(More)
Excised but otherwise intact cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. capitata) stigmas release a watersoluble substance which selectively inhibits germination of self-but not cross-pollen. The inhibitory effect on self-pollen germination is dependent on both the concentration of stigma extract and on the time of addition. Low concentrations of stigma extract(More)
The mechanism regulating the growth of adult plants in two determinate bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) cultivars was investigated. "Redkloud" plants flowered, formed fruits, and ceased shoot growth earlier than "Redkote" plants. Redkloud attained a smaller plant size, compared to Redkote, by imposing dormancy on axillary buds at an earlier age. In both(More)
Exclusive selection for yield raises, the harvest index of self-pollinated crops with little or no gain in total bipmass. In addition to selection for yield, it is suggested that efficient breeding for higher yield requires simultaneous selection for yield's three major, genetically controlled physiological components. The following are needed: (1) a(More)
Effects by photoperiod gene(s) and daylength on crop yield and its three major physiological components (aerial biomass, harvest index, and days to harvest maturity) are reviewed for bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) and peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.). In these plus many other cited crops, photoperiod sensitive gene(s) delay days to flowering and/or days to(More)