Darrell R. Schroeder

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BACKGROUND AND METHODS Trials of antidepressant medications for smoking cessation have had mixed results. We conducted a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of a sustained-release form of bupropion for smoking cessation. We excluded smokers with current depression, but not those with a history of major depression. The 615 subjects were randomly assigned(More)
BACKGROUND Anesthetic drugs administered to immature animals may cause neurohistopathologic changes and alterations in behavior. The authors studied association between anesthetic exposure before age 4 yr and the development of reading, written language, and math learning disabilities (LD). METHODS This was a population-based, retrospective birth cohort(More)
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a generally fatal disorder with a reported median survival of 3 to 6 yr. This has been based on relatively few studies with diagnoses inconsistently confirmed by adequate lung biopsy. Retrospective analysis of 104 patients with IPF who had open lung biopsy (OLB) at Mayo Medical Center from 1976 to 1985 was performed to(More)
BACKGROUND There is limited information about the frequency of perioperative complications after elective primary orthopedic total hip and knee arthroplasty in contemporary practice. The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency of clinically relevant myocardial infarction, pulmonary embolism, deep venous thrombosis, and death within 30 days(More)
This study examined baseline characteristics associated with abstinence from tobacco 6 months after treatment for nicotine dependence. A total of 1224 cigarette smokers (619 females, 605 males) receiving clinical services for treatment of nicotine dependence between January 1, 1995 and June 30, 1997 were studied. The intervention involves a 45-min(More)
BACKGROUND A past history of major depression or alcoholism has been associated with poorer smoking treatment outcomes. AIM To evaluate the efficacy of bupropion for smoking cessation in smokers with a former history of major depression or alcoholism, and changes in depressive symptoms during smoking abstinence. METHOD Data were drawn from a multicentre(More)
RATIONALE Standard therapy for Wegener's granulomatosis is fraught with substantial toxicity and not always effective. B lymphocytes have been implicated in the pathogenesis of Wegener's granulomatosis. Their depletion has been proposed as salvage therapy for refractory disease. Earlier encouraging reports are confounded by concomitant immunosuppressive(More)
Usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP) is a specific histological pattern of interstitial pneumonia most often associated with the clinical syndrome of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). There is controversy regarding the use of surgical lung biopsy in the diagnosis of UIP, and the risk of lung biopsy in these patients is largely unknown. This study(More)
As part of a clinical trial investigating the level of nicotine replacement with different doses of transdermal therapy for smoking cessation, peak and trough serum nicotine and plasma cotinine concentrations were measured in 70 subjects while they were actively smoking (baseline) and daily for 6 consecutive inpatient days while they were receiving(More)
Few nicotine dependence measures have been developed for smokeless tobacco (ST) users. Existing measures are limited by the requirement to rate the nicotine content of ST brands for which data is scarce or non-existent. We modified the Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND) for ST users, referred to this scale as the FTND-ST, and evaluated its(More)