Darrell J. Yamashiro

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To study the intracellular sorting of internalized ligands and receptors, we examined the pathways of two ligands: transferrin, which is recycled, and alpha 2-macroglobulin (alpha 2M), which is degraded. In CHO cells the two ligands rapidly segregate into different intracellular compartments. Within 5 min fluorescein-labeled transferrin (F-Tf) is found in a(More)
In the preceding paper (Yamashiro, D. J., and F. R. Maxfield. 1987. J. Cell Biol. 105:2713-2721), we have shown that there is rapid acidification of endosomal compartments to pH 6.3 by 3 min in wild-type Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. In contrast, early acidification of endosomes is markedly reduced in the CHO mutants, DTF 1-5-4 and DTF 1-5-1. Since(More)
Acidification of endocytic compartments occurs within 2-3 minutes following internalization. In CHO cells, three kinetically and morphologically distinct endocytic or recycling compartments can be identified. Measurements of the pH in these compartments show that the acidity of the compartments is regulated independently, although some parts of the(More)
One of the early events in the pathway of receptor-mediated endocytosis is the acidification of the newly formed endocytic vesicle. To examine the mechanism of acidification, we used fluorescein-labeled alpha 2-macroglobulin (F-alpha 2M) as a probe for endocytic vesicle pH. Changes in pH were determined from the change in fluorescein fluorescence at 490-nm(More)
Calcium influx is believed to play a critical role in the cascade of biochemical events leading to neuronal cell death in a variety of pathological settings, including cerebral ischemia. The synthetic omega-conotoxin peptide SNX-111, which selectively blocks depolarization-induced calcium fluxes through neuronal N-type voltage-sensitive calcium channels,(More)
The synthetic peptide SNX-111 corresponding to the sequence of the omega-conopeptide MVIIA from the venom of the marine snail Conus magus is a highly potent and selective antagonist of N-type calcium channels. We have synthesized and characterized a large number of analogs of SNX-111 in order to elucidate the structural features of the peptide involved in(More)
A stage-associated gene expression signature of coordinately expressed genes, including the transcription factor Slug (SNAI2) and other epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) markers has been found present in samples from publicly available gene expression datasets in multiple cancer types, including nonepithelial cancers. The expression levels of the(More)
The use of subtype-selective voltage-sensitive calcium channel (VSCC) antagonists has established that neurotransmitter release in mammalian brain is mediated by N-like and P-like VSCCs, and that other subtypes also contribute significantly. To determine the roles presynaptic VSCCs play in nervous system function and to evaluate the therapeutic potential of(More)
Notch signaling is required for vascular development and tumor angiogenesis. Although inhibition of the Notch ligand Delta-like 4 can restrict tumor growth and disrupt neo-vasculature, the effect of inhibiting Notch receptor function on angiogenesis has yet to be defined. In this study, we generated a soluble form of the Notch1 receptor (Notch1 decoy) and(More)
There is considerable interest in the role of the TRK family of neurotrophin receptors in regulating the survival, growth and differentiation of normal and neoplastic nerve cells. Indeed, there is increasing evidence that TRK genes play an important role in the biology and clinical behavior of neuroblastomas, tumors of the peripheral nervous system.(More)