Learn More
To study the intracellular sorting of internalized ligands and receptors, we examined the pathways of two ligands: transferrin, which is recycled, and alpha 2-macroglobulin (alpha 2M), which is degraded. In CHO cells the two ligands rapidly segregate into different intracellular compartments. Within 5 min fluorescein-labeled transferrin (F-Tf) is found in a(More)
In the preceding paper (Yamashiro, D. J., and F. R. Maxfield. 1987. J. Cell Biol. 105:2713-2721), we have shown that there is rapid acidification of endosomal compartments to pH 6.3 by 3 min in wild-type Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. In contrast, early acidification of endosomes is markedly reduced in the CHO mutants, DTF 1-5-4 and DTF 1-5-1. Since(More)
Acidification of endocytic compartments occurs within 2-3 minutes following internalization. In CHO cells, three kinetically and morphologically distinct endocytic or recycling compartments can be identified. Measurements of the pH in these compartments show that the acidity of the compartments is regulated independently, although some parts of the(More)
One of the early events in the pathway of receptor-mediated endocytosis is the acidification of the newly formed endocytic vesicle. To examine the mechanism of acidification, we used fluorescein-labeled alpha 2-macroglobulin (F-alpha 2M) as a probe for endocytic vesicle pH. Changes in pH were determined from the change in fluorescein fluorescence at 490-nm(More)
A stage-associated gene expression signature of coordinately expressed genes, including the transcription factor Slug (SNAI2) and other epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) markers has been found present in samples from publicly available gene expression datasets in multiple cancer types, including nonepithelial cancers. The expression levels of the(More)
Notch signaling is required for vascular development and tumor angiogenesis. Although inhibition of the Notch ligand Delta-like 4 can restrict tumor growth and disrupt neovasculature, the effect of inhibiting Notch receptor function on angiogenesis has yet to be defined. In this study, we generated a soluble form of the Notch1 receptor (Notch1 decoy) and(More)
There is considerable interest in the role of the TRK family of neurotrophin receptors in regulating the survival, growth and differentiation of normal and neoplastic nerve cells. Indeed, there is increasing evidence that TRK genes play an important role in the biology and clinical behavior of neuroblastomas, tumors of the peripheral nervous system.(More)
We introduce a transport-theory-based PDE-constrained multispectral model for direct imaging of the spatial distributions of chromophores concentrations in biological tissue. The method solves the forward problem (boundary radiance at each wavelength) and the inverse problem (spatial distribution of chromophores concentrations), in an all-at-once manner in(More)
BACKGROUND The biological mechanisms underlying cancer cell motility and invasiveness remain unclear, although it has been hypothesized that they involve some type of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). METHODS We used xenograft models of human cancer cells in immunocompromised mice, profiling the harvested tumors separately with species-specific(More)
Neuroblastoma (NBL) and medulloblastoma (MBL) are tumors of the neuroectoderm that occur in children. NBL and MBL express Trk family tyrosine kinase receptors, which regulate growth, differentiation, and cell death. CEP-751 (KT-6587), an indolocarbazole derivative, is an inhibitor of Trk family tyrosine kinases at nanomolar concentrations. This study was(More)