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Eubacterium sp. strain VPI 12708 has several bile acid-inducible (bai) genes which encode enzymes in the bile acid 7 alpha-dehydroxylation (7 alpha DeOH) pathway. Twelve 7 alpha DeOH-positive intestinal bacterial strains were assayed for 7 alpha DeOH activity, and 13 strains were tested for hybridization with bai genes. Cholic acid 7 alpha DeOH activity(More)
Selenium is a trace element that, although toxic in higher concentrations, is essential for human and animal health. In this study, we looked at microarray-based gene expression patterns from liver and gastrocnemius tissues in mice fed either a selenium-deficient diet or diets containing sodium selenite, selenomethionine, or a yeast-derived selenium(More)
Eubacterium sp. strain VPI 12708 expresses inducible bile acid 7alpha-dehydroxylation activity via a multistep pathway. The genes encoding several of the inducible proteins involved in the pathway have been previously mapped to a bile acid-inducible (bai) operon in Eubacterium sp. strain VPI 12708. We now report the cloning, sequencing, and characterization(More)
Eubacterium sp. strain VPI 12708 is an anaerobic intestinal bacterium which possesses inducible bile acid 7-dehydroxylation activity. Several new polypeptides are produced in this strain following induction with cholic acid. Genes coding for two copies of a bile acid-inducible 27,000-dalton polypeptide (baiA1 and baiA2) have been previously cloned and(More)
The intestinal bacterium Eubacterium sp. strain VPI 12708 has been shown to have a bile acid 7 alpha/7 beta-dehydroxylation pathway. A large bile acid inducible (bai) operon encoding at least 9 open reading frames has been cloned and sequenced from this bacterium. The baiE gene from this operon has been subcloned and expressed in E. coli and found to encode(More)
The 1923 bp cDNA for rat hepatic cholesteryl ester hydrolase (CEH) was cloned by screening a lambda gt11 expression library with an oligonucleotide containing the consensus active site sequence for cholesteryl esterases. Expression of a fusion protein, cross-reacting with antibody to the purified liver CEH, was demonstrated by Western blot analysis. The(More)
The baiB gene from Eubacterium sp. strain VPI 12708 was previously cloned, sequenced, and shown to be part of a large bile acid-inducible operon encoding polypeptides believed to be involved in bile acid 7 alpha-dehydroxylation. In the present study, the baiB gene was subcloned and expressed in Escherichia coli and shown to encode a bile acid-coenzyme A(More)
Bile acid synthesis occurs mainly via two pathways: the "classic" pathway, initiated by microsomal cholesterol 7alpha-hydroxylase (CYP7A1), and an "alternative" (acidic) pathway, initiated by sterol 27-hydroxylase (CYP27). CYP27 is located in the inner mitochondrial membrane, where cholesterol content is very low. We hypothesized that cholesterol transport(More)
We have previously cloned and sequenced three members of a bile acid-inducible gene family from Eubacterium sp. strain VPI 12708 that encode 27,000-M(r) polypeptides. Two copies of these genes (baiA1 and baiA3) are identical, while the third copy (baiA2) encodes a polypeptide sharing 92% amino acid identity with the baiA1 and baiA3 gene products. We have(More)
The human intestinal Eubacterium sp. strain VPI 12708 has been shown to have a multistep biochemical pathway for bile acid 7alpha-dehydroxylation. A bile acid-inducible operon encoding 9 open reading frames has been cloned and sequenced from this organism. Several of the genes in this operon have been shown to catalyze specific reactions in the(More)