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BACKGROUND Oscillatory breathing patterns characterized by rises and falls in ventilation with apnea (Cheyne-Stokes respiration [CSR]) or without apnea (periodic breathing [PB]) commonly occur during the daytime in chronic heart failure (CHF). We have prospectively characterized patients with cyclical breathing in terms of clinical characteristics, indices(More)
BACKGROUND Serum uric acid (UA) could be a valid prognostic marker and useful for metabolic, hemodynamic, and functional (MFH) staging in chronic heart failure (CHF). METHODS AND RESULTS For the derivation study, 112 patients with CHF (age 59+/-12 years, peak oxygen consumption [Vo2] 17+/-7 mL/kg per minute) were recruited. In separate studies, we(More)
BACKGROUND In patients with chronic heart failure (CHF), periodic breathing (PB) predicts poor prognosis. Clinical studies have identified numerous risk factors for PB (which also includes Cheyne-Stokes respiration). Computer simulations have shown that oscillations can arise from delayed negative feedback. However, no simple general theory quantitatively(More)
BACKGROUND Peripheral chemoreceptor hypersensitivity is a feature of abnormal cardiorespiratory reflex control in chronic heart failure (CHF) and may contribute to sympathetic overactivity, attenuated baroreflex sensitivity (BRS), and excessive ventilation during exercise. We studied whether augmented peripheral chemosensitivity carries independent(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether discrepancies in trials of use of bone marrow stem cells in patients with heart disease account for the variation in reported effect size in improvement of left ventricular function. DESIGN Identification and counting of factual discrepancies in trial reports, and sample size weighted regression against therapeutic effect(More)
BACKGROUND Renal insufficiency in patients with ischemic heart disease and acquired heart failure is associated with higher mortality and morbidity. We studied the prevalence of renal dysfunction in adult patients with congenital heart disease (ACHD) and its relation to outcome. METHODS AND RESULTS A total of 1102 adult patients with congenital heart(More)
BACKGROUND Many patients with heart failure remain symptomatic and have a poor prognosis despite existing treatments. Decreases in myocardial contractility and shortening of ventricular systole are characteristic of systolic heart failure and might be improved by a new therapeutic class, cardiac myosin activators. We report the first study of the cardiac(More)
AIMS This study sought to examine the predictive values of changes over time in exercise capacity and echocardiographic measurements of ventricular dimensions or function in predicting mortality in patients with chronic heart failure. METHODS AND RESULTS Sixty-two patients with chronic heart failure (58 men, mean [+/-SD] age 60+/-10 years, mean peak(More)
AIMS Recurrent arrhythmias after ablation procedures are often caused by recovery of ablated tissue. Robotic catheter manipulation systems increase catheter tip stability which improves energy delivery and could produce more transmural lesions. We tested this assertion using bipolar voltage attenuation as a marker of lesion quality comparing robotic and(More)
BACKGROUND Inflammatory immune activation is an important feature in chronic heart failure (CHF). Little is known about the prognostic importance of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), soluble TNF-receptor 1 and 2 (sTNF-R1/sTNF-R2), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and soluble CD14 receptors (sCD14) in CHF patients. METHODS AND RESULTS In 152 CHF patients (age(More)