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Four experiment stations (IL, KS, MN, and MO) conducted experiments to determine effects of introducing a CIDR (controlled internal device release) into an ovulation control program for postpartum suckled beef cows. Five hundred sixty cows were assigned randomly to two treatments: 1) 100 microg of GnRH (i.m.) followed in 7 d with 25 mg of PGF2alpha,(More)
We evaluated whether a fixed-time AI (TAI) protocol could yield pregnancy rates similar to a protocol requiring detection of estrus, or detection of estrus and AI plus a clean-up TAI for heifers not detected in estrus, and whether adding an injection of GnRH at controlled internal drug release (CIDR) insertion would enhance fertility in CIDR-based(More)
Three trials with 156 crossbred heifers were used to determine the effects of dietary energy and bovine somatotropin administration on subsequent heifer productivity. In Trial 1, heifer calves were weaned from their dams (n = 28; 113 +/- 13 d of age) and assigned to a 2 x 2 factorial arrangement of moderate (MDE) or high dietary energy (HDE) and injections(More)
We determined whether a fixed-time AI (TAI) protocol could yield pregnancy rates similar to a protocol requiring detection of estrus, or estrous detection plus TAI, and whether adding a controlled internal device release (CIDR) to GnRH-based protocols would enhance fertility. Estrus was synchronized in 2,598 suckled beef cows at 14 locations, and AI was(More)
The objective was to test the efficacy of an intravaginal progesterone insert and injection of PGF2alpha for synchronizing estrus and shortening the interval to pregnancy in cattle. Cattle were assigned to one of three treatments before a 31-d breeding period that employed artificial insemination. Control cattle were not treated, and treated cattle were(More)
Ovarian cysts in dairy cattle are generally defined as follicular structures of at least 2.5 cm in diameter that persist for at least 10 d in the absence of a corpus luteum. The incidence of ovarian cysts has been reported to be from 6 to 19% and, therefore, cystic ovarian disease is a serious cause of reproductive failure in dairy cattle. There have been(More)
Two experiments were conducted to evaluate the effect of testosterone on growth and composition of cattle. In the first experiment, crossbred yearling heifers (n = 48) were assigned to four treatments: 1) control (no implant), 2) Synovex-H implants on d 1 and 84, 3) one testosterone propionate implant administered on d 1 and a second on d 84 and 4) two(More)
Since its formation, the Beef Reproduction Task Force (BRTF) has worked to enhance productivity and profitability of US beef herds by integrating research and extension efforts with the intent of more effectively transferring the use of reproductive technologies to the field. A key early step was to coordinate efforts in identifying effective breeding(More)
In Exp. 1,101 suckled beef cows were administered two injections of prostaglandin F2 alpha (PGF2 alpha) 11 d apart. Cows in Group 1 received no additional treatment. Cows in Groups 2 and 3 received 250 micrograms of GnRH plus 47-h calf removal. Cows in Group 3 also received a norgestomet ear implant that was inserted 4 d after the first PGF2 alpha injection(More)