Darlene Marti

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A broad, vigorous CD4 T cell response, mediated by class II human leukocyte antigens (HLAs), favors hepatitis C virus (HCV) clearance. HLA-DQB1*0301 has been associated with viral clearance in an ethnically homogeneous cohort. To validate this association and to identify other class II associations in an ethnically varied cohort, molecular class II HLA(More)
The host immune response to human papillomaviruses (HPVs) is believed to be an important determinant of progression of HPV-associated cervical neoplasia. Human leukocyte antigens (HLAs) are important in the presentation of foreign antigens to the immune system. Previous studies have suggested a possible association between HLA and cervical neoplasia, but(More)
OBJECTIVE HLA class I polymorphism is known to affect the rate of progression to AIDS after infection with HIV-1. Here we test the consistency of HLA-B allelic effects on progression to AIDS, heterosexual HIV transmission, and 'set point' viral levels. METHODS We used adjusted Cox proportional hazard models in previously published relative hazard values(More)
Increased levels of apoptosis are seen in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, and this has been proposed as an important mechanism contributing to HIV pathogenesis. However, interpretation of in vitro studies aimed at understanding HIV-related apoptosis has been complicated by the use of high concentrations of recombinant proteins or by direct(More)
Following an acute hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, clearance or persistence is determined in part by the vigor and breadth of the host immune response. Since the human leukocyte antigen system (HLA) is an integral component of the immune response, we hypothesized that the highly polymorphic HLA genes are key determinants of viral clearance. HLA class I(More)
Variants near the HLA-DP gene show the strongest genome-wide association with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection and HBV recovery/persistence in Asians. To test the effect of the HLA-DP region on outcomes to HBV infection, we sequenced the polymorphic HLA-DPB1 and DPA1 coding exons and the corresponding 3' untranslated regions (3'UTRs) in 662(More)
Persistence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is likely due to the interplay of the virus and host immune response. Given its critical role in antigen presentation, allelic differences in the HLA complex may affect HBV persistence. In a prospectively followed African American cohort, molecular class I and class II HLA typing was done on 31 subjects with(More)
The MICA gene has a high degree of polymorphism. Allelic variation of MICA may influence binding of these ligands to the NK cell receptor NKG2D and may affect organ transplantation and/or disease pathogenesis. Knowledge of the population distribution of MICA alleles and their linkage disequilibrium (LD) with class I human leukocyte antigen (HLA) will(More)
While the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) genotype has been associated with the rate of HIV disease progression in untreated patients, little is known regarding these relationships in patients using highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). The limited data reported to date identified few HLA-HIV disease associations in patients using HAART and even(More)
We have conducted a comprehensive case–control study of a nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) population cohort from Guangxi Province of Southern China, a region with one of the highest NPC incidences on record. A total of 1407 individuals including NPC patients, healthy controls, and their adult children were examined for the human leukocyte antigen (HLA)(More)