Darlene J Johnson

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Quality of life (QOL) measures give patients the possibility to express subjective changes in wellbeing. We aimed to translate the radiation specific quality of life questionnaire (QOL-RTI) and the companion head and neck module (H&N) questionnaire into German and to test its reliability, validity and sensitivity. Patients and Methods: After translation and(More)
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE A review of available head and neck quality of life (QOL) instruments reveals them to inadequately address important radiation related side effects, or to be too cumbersome for routine use. The purpose of this study was to develop a head and neck disease specific module as a companion to the previously developed quality of life - radiation(More)
PURPOSE The oral complications associated with radiotherapy to the head and neck are a significant dose-limiting factor. The goals of this study were to determine whether oropharyngeal rinsing and ingestion of misoprostol protect mucous membranes from the acute effects of irradiation, and to evaluate the quality-of-life (QOL) outcomes of patients receiving(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the reliability and validity of the Japanese translation of Quality of Life Radiation Therapy Instrument (QOL-RTI) and the head and neck module (H&N) for Japanese patients being treated with radiotherapy for head and neck malignancies. MATERIALS & METHODS The QOL-RTI/H&N was translated into Japanese by a preliminary QOL research(More)
PURPOSE Based on early clinical evidence of potential mucosal protection by granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF), the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group conducted a double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized study to test the efficacy and safety of GM-CSF in reducing the severity and duration of mucosal injury and pain (mucositis)(More)
BACKGROUND Aphthous ulcers are an extremely common disorder of unknown etiology. These ulcers cause significant morbidity through pain and interference with eating. Thalidomide, an angiogenesis inhibitor, is efficacious for the treatment of aphthous ulcers. METHODS In situ hybridization was performed on an idiopathic aphthous ulcer using probes specific(More)
Cancer therapy is associated with inherent adverse effects and the need for complete, consistent and accurate reporting of toxicity is paramount in multicenter cooperative oncology clinical trials. Accurate toxicity information is essential to weigh the costs and benefits associated with new treatment regimens. A major issue faced by investigators and(More)
PURPOSE To (1) measure radiation therapy costs for patients in randomized controlled clinical trials, (2) compare measured costs to modeling predictions, (3) examine cost distributions, and (4) assess feasibility of collecting economic data within a cooperative group. METHODS The Radiation Therapy Oncology Group conducted economic pilot studies for two(More)
self-instructional publications designed to increase the primary care provider’s knowledge of hazardous substances in the environment and to aid in the evaluation of potentially exposed patients. This course is also available on the ATSDR Web site, www.atsdr.cdc.gov/HEC/CSEM/. See page 3 for more information about continuing medical education credits,(More)