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Disruption of the GH receptor (GHR) gene eliminates GH-induced intracellular signaling and, thus, its biological actions. Therefore, the GHR gene disrupted mouse (GHR-/-) has been and is a valuable tool for helping to define various parameters of GH physiology. Since its creation in 1995, this mouse strain has been used by our laboratory and others for(More)
This study explored attitudes toward obesity between dietetics and nondietetics majors at Ohio University and their relationship with dietary intake and body composition. A convenience sample comprised of 76 female dietetics (n=38) and nondietetics (n=38) majors was assessed for attitudes toward obesity using a validated Fat Phobia Scale. Dietary intake and(More)
Three mouse lines with altered growth hormone (GH) signaling were used to study GH's role in adiposity. Dwarf GH receptor knockout mice (GHR -/-) and bovine GH antagonist expressing mice (GHA) had an increased percent body fat with most of the excess fat mass accumulating in the subcutaneous region. Giant bovine GH expressing mice (bGH) had a reduced(More)
Obesity has become one of the most common medical problems in developed countries, and this disorder is associated with high incidences of hypertension, dyslipidaemia, cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes mellitus and specific cancers. Growth hormone (GH) stimulates the production of insulin-like growth factor 1 in most tissues, and together GH and(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS Growth hormone has been used experimentally in two studies to treat individuals with type 2 diabetes, with both reporting beneficial effects on glucose metabolism. However, concerns over potential diabetogenic actions of growth hormone complicate its anticipated use to treat type 2 diabetes. Thus, an animal model of type 2 diabetes could(More)
Hepatic lipase is emerging as a major factor in the control of HDL metabolism. Hepatic lipase plays a central role in the hydrolysis of HDL2 triglycerides and phospholipids and in the concomitant apolipoprotein A-I efflux from this density class. New data suggest that allelic variation at the hepatic lipase gene locus accounts for 25% of the total(More)
Growth hormone receptor-null (GHR(-/-)) mice are dwarf, insulin sensitive, and long-lived in spite of increased adiposity. However, their adiposity is not uniform, with select white adipose tissue (WAT) depots enlarged. To study WAT depot-specific effects on insulin sensitivity and life span, we analyzed individual WAT depots of 12- and 24-month-old GHR(-)(More)
Unintentional weight loss (wasting) in the elderly is a major health concern as it leads to increased mortality. Several studies have focused on muscle loss, but little is known about the mechanisms giving rise to loss of fat mass at old ages. To investigate potential mechanisms, white adipose tissue (WAT) characteristics and proteomic profiles were(More)
BACKGROUND Human subcutaneous (SQ) white adipose tissue (WAT) can vary according to its anatomical location, with subsequent differences in its proteomic profile. PATIENTS AND METHODS SQ-WAT aspirates were obtained from six overweight (BMI>25kg/m(2)) women who underwent extensive liposuction. SQ-WAT was removed from six different locations (upper(More)
Although studies of Ames and Snell dwarf mice have suggested possible important roles of the growth hormone (GH)/insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) axis in aging and age-related diseases, the results cannot rule out the possibility of other hormonal changes playing an important role in the life extension exhibited by these dwarf mice. Therefore, growth(More)