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The inspiratory capacity (IC) maneuver is increasingly used to monitor exercise-induced dynamic hyperinflation in patients with COPD. However, the reliability of this method in patients with COPD exercising to symptom limitation has not been systematically studied and presented. The purpose of the present study was therefore to evaluate the reliability of(More)
Although it has been postulated that central inhibition of respiratory drive may prevent development of diaphragm fatigue in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) during exercise, this premise has not been validated. We evaluated diaphragm electrical activation (EAdi) relative to maximum in 10 patients with moderately severe COPD at(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE It is suggested that oxygen flow be increased by 1 L/min during sleep in COPD patients undergoing long-term oxygen therapy (LTOT) in order to avoid nocturnal desaturations. The purpose of this study was to investigate the occurrence of nocturnal desaturations while breathing oxygen in COPD patients receiving LTOT. SETTING(More)
Inspiratory muscles are weak and contribute to exercise limitation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Differential inspiratory pressure contributions from the diaphragm and inspiratory rib cage muscles (RCMs) during exercise in patients with COPD patients are insufficiently described. We measured, in 16 patients with COPD, the global(More)
During exercise, dynamic hyperinflation-induced intrinsic positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEPi) and decreased dynamic lung compliance (CL,dyn) of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) increase the elastic work of inspiration (Wi) more than would be predicted from the increase in tidal volume (VT). This contributes significantly to(More)
The aim of the study was to evaluate factors that could predict smoking cessation after a minimal antismoking counseling during spirometric screening for COPD. Every subject filled-in a simple questionnaire on clinical signs of COPD and tobacco habit, had a spirometry performed according to ATS standards and received a short antitobacco counseling together(More)
Copyright and Moral Rights for the articles on this site are retained by the individual authors and/or other copyright owners. For more information on Open Research Online's data policy on reuse of materials please consult the policies page. Abstract—This paper presents initial results on stochastic business process modelling. We interpret business(More)
The effects of noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) in COPD patients (pts) with hypercapnic respiratory failure were evaluated. The study group consisted of 19 COPD pts (16M, 3F, mean age 60 +/- 8 years) on LTOT for at least 6 month before study. Patients were enrolled in random order to group I, which continued LTOT and to group II, which(More)