Dariusz W. Kowalczyk

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Dendritic cells (DCs), the most potent antigen-presenting cells (APCs), were discovered almost 30 years ago. Due to the priming of antigen-specific immune responses mediated by CD4+ and CD8+ lymphocytes, DCs are crucial for the induction of adaptive immunity against cancer. Therefore, vaccination of cancer patients with DCs presenting tumour-associated(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the immunophenotype of tumour-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) and peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) isolated from patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and to analyse the correlations between the quantity of analysed cell subsets and the progression of the disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS PBL and TIL samples were obtained from 23(More)
Gamma/delta (gamma delta) T lymphocytes have been postulated to play a role in a surveillance mechanism that eliminates transformed or otherwise damaged cells. In this study, we examined by flow cytometry the frequency and phenotype of gamma delta T cells in the tumour infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) and peripheral blood (PBL) from renal cell carcinoma(More)
Pancreatic adenocarcinoma is one of the malignancies that is highly resistant to therapy and among the leading causes of cancer-related death. Several factors may influence pancreatic cancer resistance, and expression of ATP-binding cassette transport proteins is one of the major mechanisms of drug resistance. Members of this family's C-branch, also(More)
Data presented here demonstrate that vaccine-induced CD8(+) T cells can eliminate their specific tumor-target with a two-staged attack. First, they release interferon-gamma that results in growth arrest of the tumor cells via induction of antiangiogenic mediators. Then, during the latter stages of the immune response, CD8(+) effector T cells eradicate the(More)
PURPOSE Antitumor potential of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors has been shown in different preclinical settings, which always involved immunocompromised organisms or nonimmunogenic tumor models. In our study, we wanted to evaluate the effect of captopril on growth of immunogenic tumors in immunocompetent animals. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN We used(More)
The ability of various cytokines to hamper tumor growth or to induce anti-tumor immune response has resulted in their study as antitumor agents in gene therapy approaches. In this review we will concentrate on the costimulation of antitumor immune responses using modification of various cell types by cytokine genes. Several strategies have emerged such as(More)
Different vaccine constructs based on DNA vaccines and viral recombinant vaccines expressing mouse p53 were compared for induction of protective immune responses to challenge with a sarcoma cell line that expresses high levels of mutated p53 protein. Viral recombinant vaccines based on E1-deleted adenovirus or vaccinia virus recombinants expressing p53 with(More)
This article reviews the evidence for the danger model in the context of immune response to tumors and the insufficiency of the immune system to eliminate tumor growth. Despite their potential immunogenicity tumors do not induce significant immune responses which could destroy malignant cells. According to the danger model, the immune surveillance system(More)