Dariusz Chlubek

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Reactive oxygen species (ROS), such as hydrogen peroxide, superoxide anion radical or hydroxyl radical, play an important role in inflammation processes as well as in transduction of signals from receptors to interleukin -1β (IL-1β), tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) or lipopolysaccharides (LPS). NADPH oxidase increases the ROS levels, leading to inactivation(More)
BACKGROUND Patients suffering from chronic renal failure (CRF) are exposed to increased oxidative stress generated by uremic toxins, factors connected with hemodialysis, chronic inflammatory state, lack of vitamins A, E and selenium, advanced age, and parenteral iron administration. Their antioxidative system is inefficient. In erythrocytes,(More)
Cadmium is a toxic and carcinogenic heavy metal that nowadays constitutes a serious environmental health problem. The aim of this study is to review the effects of cadmium on selected inflammatory mediators and markers, such as NF-κB and AP-1 transcription factors, IL-6, TNF-α, IL-1β cytokines, IL-8 or MIP-2 chemokine, MPO, iNOS, MMPs and COX-2 enzymes,(More)
The aim of this paper is to examine if pre- and neonatal exposure to lead (Pb) may intensify or inhibit apoptosis or necroptosis in the developing rat brain. Pregnant experimental females received 0.1% lead acetate (PbAc) in drinking water from the first day of gestation until weaning of the offspring; the control group received distilled water. During the(More)
The role of trace elements in lithogenesis is still unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the levels of elements in urinary stones and in the urine and hair of stone formers to identify these elements that have synergic correlations in studied materials and may contribute to lithogenesis. A total of 219 consecutive patients with idiopathic upper(More)
Tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) is implicated in post-ischemic myocardial dysfunction. Two distinct TNF-alpha receptors are shed from cell membranes and circulate in plasma as soluble sTNFR1 and sTNFR2 proteins. The aim of the study was to establish factors associated with plasma concentrations of TNF-alpha and its receptors in patients with(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The common G22A polymorphism in the adenosine deaminase (ADA) gene leads to substitution Asp8Asn. The lower activity of the enzyme encoded by A22 (ADA*2) allele may increase tissue concentrations of adenosine, a potent cardioprotective agent. In a case-control study, we investigated the association between ADA polymorphism and coronary(More)
OBJECTIVE The common C34T polymorphism in the AMP deaminase-1 (AMPD1) gene results in an inactive enzyme in homozygotes for the mutated T allele. Some studies have shown an association of T allele with longer survival in heart failure (HF) and/or coronary artery disease (CAD). The aim of this study was to assess genotype-phenotype correlations in such(More)
The work present PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction) with the real time analysis of the increase of product allowing quick detection, duplication and identification of even slight amounts of nucleic acids. Essential methods used in molecular diagnostics, based on marked probes and fluorescence phenomenon were discussed. Increased sensitivity of technology, the(More)
Total activity of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) in serum represents the sum of activities of some isoenzymes and their numerous isoforms derived from various tissues of the organism. The aim of this work was to separate ALP isoenzymes and their isoforms in rat and human serum, compare the properties of serum ALP isoforms in rats and humans, and determine the(More)